Preferential Voting

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Related to Preference voting: Ranked ballot

Preferential Voting

 

under majority rule systems that require an absolute majority, a method of voting that ensures conclusive results from an election and thus eliminates the need for a second round of balloting. In preferential voting, voters mark their preferences on the ballot, indicating with the numbers 1, 2, 3, and so on the candidates who are their choices, in order of preference. When the results are first tallied, the first-choice votes are counted. If no one receives an absolute majority, the votes given to the last-place candidate are redistributed among the other candidates, and the last-place candidate is eliminated. This procedure is repeated until some candidate achieves the necessary majority of votes.

Different forms of preferential voting (alternative voting, the single transferrable vote system) are used in Ireland, India, and Australia. Preferential voting may also be used, as it is in Italy, to supplement a proportional system; in this case it serves to determine which candidates on the party slate receive the right to terms of office.

References in periodicals archive ?
With PREFERENCE VOTING we could choose between not only parties, as at present, but between candidates.
If preference voting is used for a single election in November and no candidate gets a majority, the top-two candidates would receive all second choice votes awarded them, resulting in a winner.
With the limited supplementary vote instead of full preference voting, where ranking one's first choice first could not help one's worst enemy, Johnson was discarded for the lesser evil, Livingstone, in the minds of many left and Green voters.
Preference voting makes it almost impossible for a candidate strongly opposed by most voters to get elected in a three- or four-way race.
These demographics prompted Super visor Amos Brown to say, as he explained his support for preference voting over district elections, "It's not possible to draw a district any more for we African Americans in San Francisco.
Candidate-based systems like preference voting should be used to elect the leadership of private organizations, local governments, state legislatures and perhaps congressional delegations within states.
States instead could adopt one of three modified PR systems based on voting for candidates in multi-seat districts: limited voting, preference voting and cumulative voting.
The purchase price of MECH consists of $50,000 cash, plus $4,000,000 convertible preference voting shares and 2,500,000 shares of BRI (post consolidation).
He maintains both MPs should have conceded their positions to Nigyar Dzhafer and Ahmed Bashev, two prominent DPS members who failed to become lawmakers after being virtually "unseated" by preference voting for Hyusmen Palev.
Although these elections are much maligned and indeed could be improved, this analysis provided good evidence of how well the preference voting system of proportional voting can work, even in very complex, multi-racial electorates.
The total consideration to the company, in addition to the working capital, is 4 million common shares of HYTN plus $16 million worth of convertible HYTN preference voting shares bearing interest at 6%, interest accrued and paid only from cash flow generated by SUNS and RECO.
Besides the Cambridge city council, preference voting is also used to elect the national governments for the Republic of Ireland, Malta, and the Australian upper chamber.