Preferential Voting


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Preferential Voting

 

under majority rule systems that require an absolute majority, a method of voting that ensures conclusive results from an election and thus eliminates the need for a second round of balloting. In preferential voting, voters mark their preferences on the ballot, indicating with the numbers 1, 2, 3, and so on the candidates who are their choices, in order of preference. When the results are first tallied, the first-choice votes are counted. If no one receives an absolute majority, the votes given to the last-place candidate are redistributed among the other candidates, and the last-place candidate is eliminated. This procedure is repeated until some candidate achieves the necessary majority of votes.

Different forms of preferential voting (alternative voting, the single transferrable vote system) are used in Ireland, India, and Australia. Preferential voting may also be used, as it is in Italy, to supplement a proportional system; in this case it serves to determine which candidates on the party slate receive the right to terms of office.

References in periodicals archive ?
Liberty Interactive Corporation's stake in TripAdvisor comes with preferential voting rights and would make it easier for the company to restructure the online traveling company's business.
Australia has adopted preferential voting and compulsory voting; and it has a long history of governments that are coalitions or that negotiate support from smaller parties and independents, or both.
Then use preferential voting to decide the best option - three points for first choice, two points for second choice and one point for the least-desirable option.
The draft law lays out a version of a preferential voting system whereby voters select an electoral list and vote for two members from the list.
Moving to a preferential voting system would have given voters a much greater say on who represents them.
Down Under there is a national parliament which uses preferential voting - similar to the system that would be introduced here if the Yes vote wins tomorrow.
A COUPLE of weeks ago, I said that Tories were so frightened by the possibility of the alternative vote, or preferential voting, in parliamentary elections that they were eagerly spreading anti-AV scare stories which they knew to be untrue.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences which presents the Oscars said preferential voting will now decide the best film.
The Electoral Reform Society has led the call for change, suggesting a new system of preferential voting, with ballots counted in rounds.
27 primary that would establish preferential voting (also called instant run-off voting) for legislative, presidential and congressional races.
We support electing state delegations to the National Committee at-large using preferential voting (choice voting, single transferable vote) to encourage proportional representation of the political, geographic, gender, and ethnic diversity in each party.
The L abour Government of 1931 also almost enacted preferential voting.