With the disintegration of the Greater Moravian Empire in the 10th century the power of the Premyslids was on the rise, and with it came a renewal of ties with Western Europe.
German minnesingers evidently served in the royal court of the last Premyslids, Wenceslas I, Premysl Otakar II and Wenceslas II (from the second third of the 13th to the beginning of the 14th century).
In the Middle Ages there had existed a sovereign Bohemian state, which had been ruled for four centuries (to 1307) by an indigenous Czech dynasty, the Premyslids.
Communist party leader Klement Gottwald conceptualized this as "redressing Bila hora" and correcting "the mistakes of our Czech kings, the Premyslids, who invited the German colonists here".
There is abundant testimony in medieval sources of Czech resentment at the growing wealth and power of Germans, who had been settling in Bohemia for two centuries at the behest of Premyslid kings seeking to encourage crafts, cities and commerce.
The one-time Premyslid seat of Vysehrad is a location central to old Czech legend, but it is also one which Hanka's own manuscripts had done much to revivify.
His companions on Brozik's and Frantisek Zenisek's lunettes are Premysl the ploughman, the mythical founder of the Premyslid dynasty, St Methodius translating the Bible into "the Slav language" in Rome in 885, and Jan Amos Komensky presenting his pedagogic works to Amsterdam town council in 1657.
He had acquired considerable knowledge of the papal chancery and of Hohenstaufens, Hohenzollerns, and Habsburgs, while learning little of the Byzantine empire and nothing whatsoever of Piasts, Premyslids
, and Ruriks.