Ngo Dinh Diem

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Ngo Dinh Diem:

see Diem, Ngo DinhDiem, Ngo Dinh
, 1901–63, president of South Vietnam (1955–63). A member of an influential Roman Catholic family, he was a civil servant before World War II and was connected with the nationalists during the war.
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Diem, Ngo Dinh

(nō dĭn dyĕm), 1901–63, president of South Vietnam (1955–63). A member of an influential Roman Catholic family, he was a civil servant before World War II and was connected with the nationalists during the war. He repeatedly refused high office with the government of Bao DaiBao Dai
, 1913–97, emperor of Annam (1926–45) and chief of state of Vietnam (1949–55). Born Prince Nguyen Vinh Thuy, he was the son of Emperor Khai Din and succeeded to the throne in 1926, but did not occupy it until 1932.
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 until 1954, when he became prime minister. In 1955 he controlled a referendum that abolished the monarchy and emerged as South Vietnam's ruler. With strong backing from the United States, Diem initially made some progress, but his favoritism toward his family and toward Roman Catholics over Buddhists caused substantial criticism by the early 1960s. Opposition grew as Diem's authoritarianism increased and as South Vietnam's position in the Vietnam WarVietnam War,
conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference provisionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat.
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 deteriorated. With the apparent connivance of the U.S. government, a group of dissident generals staged a coup in 1963, and Diem was murdered during the takeover.
References in periodicals archive ?
He also became an informal advisor to Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge, and was involved in the complex maneuvers leading up to the military coup that overthrew President Diem in 1963.
Nguyen Khanh, who had just taken power in a coup that overthrew the generals who had deposed President Diem.
Richardson was not only closely involved with the Ambassador, he also established close contacts with members of the Diem family, such as Ngo Dinh Nhu, the brother of President Diem.
Letter From the Secretary of Defense's Deputy Assistant for Special Operations (Lansdale) to President Diem, 30 January 1961
During the question session, Ambassador Harriman smiled and cupped his ear to hear as my father stood to phone in his question, but the smile faded as he heard: "Why is the current administration undermining President Diem of South Vietnam who is a strong anti-Communist?
Among other fine points of South Vietnamese bureaucracy, Sheehan reveals that President Diem punished his commanders for engaging in combat on even the most favorable terms, because combat meant accepting casualties, which in turn meant an unhappy army and therefore the threat of a coup.
A common treatment of the Diem era, which ended tragically with the assassination of President Diem and his brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu, scant weeks before Lee Harvey Oswald ended the life of President John F.
US complicity in the coup that overthrew Vietnamese President Diem is highlighted as a major mistake.