François Mitterrand

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Mitterrand, François


Born Oct. 26, 1916, in Jarnac, department of Charente. French politician. Lawyer by education.

Mitterrand served in World War II from September 1939. He was wounded and taken prisoner. After escaping in 1942, he worked in the Resistance and headed the National Movement of War Prisoners and Deportees. In 1944 he became secretary-general for War Prisoners and Deportees in the De Gaulle government. A deputy in parliament from 1946 to 1958 and again from 1962, Mitterrand was a leader of the party known as the Democratic and Socialist Resistance Union, of which he was chairman from 1953 to 1965. A member of the government from 1947 to 1948 and from 1950 to 1953, he resigned in 1953 in opposition to the government’s policy in North Africa. From 1954 to 1957 he was again member of the government.

Mitterrand was the candidate of the left in the presidential elections of 1965. From December 1965 to November 1968 he was president of the Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left. He headed the party known as the Convention of Republican Institutions from December 1970 to June 1971. After the socialist unity congress in June 1971, Mitterrand was chosen first secretary of the Socialist Party. In 1972 he signed the governmental program of the united left. A candidate of the left in the presidential election of 1974, Mitterrand won 49.2 percent of the vote. Since 1972 he has been vice-president of the Socialist International. [16–1001–4; updated]

References in periodicals archive ?
Supporters have always portrayed the famous 1984 Fontainebleau summit as her greatest triumph, with Thatcher "handbagging" France's President Mitterrand and other EU politicians into submission.
Many French it seems preferred the old ways when the likes of President Mitterrand could actually keep a mistress and their illegitimate child in the presidential palace while he lived in the front of the house with his Mrs without the media breathing a word till he'd been buried.
THE eldest son of late French President Mitterrand was taken into police custody today for questioning in a money laundering inquiry.
When the late President Mitterrand visited Uzbekistan in April 1994, most of these industrialists were in his delegation, including the CEOs of Elf, Total, GdF, Bouygues, etc.
President Mitterrand of France, a renowned womaniser, noted how Mrs Thatcher had 'the eyes of Caligula but the mouth of Marilyn Monroe'.
Given the corruption scandals involving the grand old men of Europe--former chancellor Kohl and French President Mitterrand, not to mention former EU President Jacques Santer--the gang of 25 have written off the old guard.
Reddy is the recipient of several awards: The ACM Turing Award in 1994; The IBM Research Ralph Gomory Fellow Award in 1991; and the Legion of Honor awarded by then President Mitterrand of France in 1984.
France's President Mitterrand survived more than 15 years with his and that was on treatments used in the late 1970s.
We now also know that in 1981 President Mitterrand had been diagnosed as having terminal prostate cancer and given three years to live, but had ordered the doctoring of the official medical reports, and that on the eve of his election, when in his mid-50s, he had fallen in love with a 20-year-old girl, eventually lodging her and their child in an outbuilding of the presidential palace.
This approach is advocated by Alain Juppe, the French foreign minister, and by President Mitterrand.
The latest event to trigger an explosion of opinions, regarding the present-day official moral stance to be taken towards the Vichy regime, occurred on 14th July, when President Mitterrand gave his ritual televised interview to the nation.
I said: "The French and the Germans have had their Reconciliation Service in Verdun with President Mitterrand and Chancellor Kohl in attendance.
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