François Mitterrand

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Mitterrand, François


Born Oct. 26, 1916, in Jarnac, department of Charente. French politician. Lawyer by education.

Mitterrand served in World War II from September 1939. He was wounded and taken prisoner. After escaping in 1942, he worked in the Resistance and headed the National Movement of War Prisoners and Deportees. In 1944 he became secretary-general for War Prisoners and Deportees in the De Gaulle government. A deputy in parliament from 1946 to 1958 and again from 1962, Mitterrand was a leader of the party known as the Democratic and Socialist Resistance Union, of which he was chairman from 1953 to 1965. A member of the government from 1947 to 1948 and from 1950 to 1953, he resigned in 1953 in opposition to the government’s policy in North Africa. From 1954 to 1957 he was again member of the government.

Mitterrand was the candidate of the left in the presidential elections of 1965. From December 1965 to November 1968 he was president of the Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left. He headed the party known as the Convention of Republican Institutions from December 1970 to June 1971. After the socialist unity congress in June 1971, Mitterrand was chosen first secretary of the Socialist Party. In 1972 he signed the governmental program of the united left. A candidate of the left in the presidential election of 1974, Mitterrand won 49.2 percent of the vote. Since 1972 he has been vice-president of the Socialist International. [16–1001–4; updated]

References in periodicals archive ?
In the event, rather than abandon forty years of French foreign policy and the French special relationship with Germany, President Mitterrand resurrected the objective of EMU by 1999 as a joint Franco-German mission.
The indignation of the Vel' d'Hiv' Committee |42 was fuelled for a second time when President Mitterrand performed another brief symbolic gesture at the wreath-laying ceremony to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Vel' d'Hiv' round-up.
I said: "The French and the Germans have had their Reconciliation Service in Verdun with President Mitterrand and Chancellor Kohl in attendance.
According to President Mitterrand, he was the first who called on late King Al-Hasan II to take his time in crystallizing a political settlement to the conflict, while the political class in Spain is divided over whether to deport activist Haidar who chose to intentionally abandon her Moroccan nationality.
Openly gay FrE[umlaut]dE[umlaut]ric Mitterrand, the nephew of the late President Mitterrand, is presently struggling to save his name amid the storm over his past accounts of paying "boys" for sex, reports The Times.
President Mitterrand, of France, once said Maggie had the mouth of Marilyn Monroe .
Dirigisme had one last fling in the socialist experiment of 1981-83, before President Mitterrand and his advisors concluded that the long-term success of the Socialist Party required that it prove its competence in managing the economy by loosening state controls.
He said he flew to France after hearing the story of how President Mitterrand "had gorged himself on one last orgiastic feast before he'd died".
Before the 1992 referendum on the Maastricht Treaty, President Mitterrand assured his fellow citizens that, contrary to the express language of the treaty, European monetary policy would not be determined by faceless central bankers, but would be guided by political oversight governed by concern with unemployment and inflation.
Although plans for the exhibition proved abortive, President Mitterrand launched his Grands Projets -- among them the new Opera to be built on the site of the Bastille terminus (for which Carlos Ott won the competition in 1983 (AR December 1983).
It was here, on a hilltop where you can see in every direction for 15 miles, that President Mitterrand was brought up by his grandparents because he was a sickly child who needed the country air.
At that point, President Mitterrand intervened, asking the highest court to determine whether the police had engaged in entrapment.
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