Pervez Musharraf

(redirected from President Musharraf)

Musharraf, Pervez

(pĕrvās` mo͞oshär`rŭf), 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a diplomat. He entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and became (1964) an artillery officer, rising through the ranks to major general (1991), lieutenant general (1995), and general and chief of army staff (1998). In 1999 he became chairman of the joint chiefs of staff committee.

In Oct., 1999, Prime Minister Nawaz SharifSharif, Nawaz
, 1949–, Pakistani politician; grad. Government College, Lahore; Punjab Univ. Law College. Born into a prominent Lahore business family, he was by 1980 director of one of Pakistan's largest industrial conglomerates.
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 attempted to remove Musharraf by refusing his returning flight landing rights in Pakistan. The move led to a coup by Musharraf, who became chief executive; he appointed himself president 20 months later. A controversial referendum in 2002 extended his rule for five years. Musharraf was reelected in 2007, but his right to run while still army chief was challenged; before the supreme court could rule, he suspended the constitution, declared emergency rule, and dismissed the court members who seemed likely to rule against him. After the challenges were dismissed, he resigned (Nov., 2007) as army chief.

The subsequent election victory (Feb., 2008) by opposition parties and the establishment of an opposition coalition government undermined his position, and after the coalition, at the instigation of Sharif, moved to impeach him, he resigned from office (Aug., 2008). A declared supporter of a democratic, nonfundamentalist Islamic Pakistan and a supporter as well of the U.S. war on terror, Musharraf twice was the target of assassination attempts while president. After resigning, he went into self-imposed exile in 2009 and did not return to Pakistan until 2013; he was then disqualified from running for office. He subsequently was charged with treason and in connection with Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
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's assassination and other deaths and actions; he was acquitted in one case in 2016. He left Pakistan in 2016, alledgedly for medical treatment, after his travel restrictions were lifted.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
Haroon stated that now the evidence has been produced before the fact-finding commission and it is clear that then president Musharraf had ordered military operation.
Talking to this reporter, he said, "the ruling coalition has not been able to name any presidential candidate in case President Musharraf steps down.
Discredited and corrupt politicians have schemed, manipulated and harassed President Musharraf out of office.
The attack, a day after President Musharraf stepped down, adding to uncertainty about the new Government's approach to extremists.
It is important to highlight President Musharraf 's commitment to tackle terrorism, to promote dialogue with India, especially over Kashmir, and to root out corruption.
Mr Miliband said: "The announcement by President Musharraf he is standing down brings to a close a critical period in Pakistan's history and relations with the UK and other countries.
He is very frank, straightforward," the prime minister said in a candid interview with a private television channel yesterday, when asked what he liked most about President Musharraf, as reported by the state-run news agency APP.
US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice hailed the Pakistani leader for "a good step, a good first step in president Musharraf carrying out his obligation, indeed his promise to take off his uniform".
Najam Sethi: You know, the cynics have said that he wants an early election, and he wants this current government to be discredited, he wants to see the back of President Musharraf, the back of the current judiciary, and possibly the back of the Peoples Party and a new election would create the conditions for that.
The tightrope between his relationship with the US on the one hand, and religious extremists within his own country on the other, has become increasingly difficult for President Musharraf to tread.
Prime Minister Gordon Brown has telephoned President Musharraf, urging him to "stick to the course" of building democracy and stability in his troubled country.
Prime Minister Gordon Brown is making a last-ditch appeal to President Musharraf to lift his state of emergency.

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