Pervez Musharraf

(redirected from President Musharraf)

Musharraf, Pervez

(pĕrvās` mo͞oshär`rŭf), 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a diplomat. He entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and became (1964) an artillery officer, rising through the ranks to major general (1991), lieutenant general (1995), and general and chief of army staff (1998). In 1999 he became chairman of the joint chiefs of staff committee.

In Oct., 1999, Prime Minister Nawaz SharifSharif, Nawaz
, 1949–, Pakistani politician; grad. Government College, Lahore; Punjab Univ. Law College. Born into a prominent Lahore business family, he was by 1980 director of one of Pakistan's largest industrial conglomerates.
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 attempted to remove Musharraf by refusing his returning flight landing rights in Pakistan. The move led to a coup by Musharraf, who became chief executive; he appointed himself president 20 months later. A controversial referendum in 2002 extended his rule for five years. Musharraf was reelected in 2007, but his right to run while still army chief was challenged; before the supreme court could rule, he suspended the constitution, declared emergency rule, and dismissed the court members who seemed likely to rule against him. After the challenges were dismissed, he resigned (Nov., 2007) as army chief.

The subsequent election victory (Feb., 2008) by opposition parties and the establishment of an opposition coalition government undermined his position, and after the coalition, at the instigation of Sharif, moved to impeach him, he resigned from office (Aug., 2008). A declared supporter of a democratic, nonfundamentalist Islamic Pakistan and a supporter as well of the U.S. war on terror, Musharraf twice was the target of assassination attempts while president. After resigning, he went into self-imposed exile in 2009 and did not return to Pakistan until 2013; he was then disqualified from running for office. He subsequently was charged with treason and in connection with Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
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's assassination and other deaths and actions; he was acquitted (2016) in a case involving the 2006 killing of a Baluch rebel leader, and declared (2017) a fugitive in the Bhutto case. He left Pakistan in 2016, alledgedly for medical treatment, after his travel restrictions were lifted.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
Former president Musharraf is facing life threats from the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) who had set up a special death squad to target former Pakistani president General (retd) Pervez Musharraf upon his arrival.
Former Pakistan premier Benazir Bhutto's party yesterday rejected a call from President Musharraf to delay her return from exile.
PRESIDENT Musharraf of Pakistan is a prime target for terrorists.
Government has decided to file treason case, according to Article 6 against former President Musharraf , for which a special tribunal has been constituted after due consensus with former CJP, Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry.
But the Russian-led search for a breakthrough failed tobring a face-to-face meeting between India's Prime Minister Vajpayee and Pakistan's President Musharraf during the 16- nation regional security summit in Kazakhstan.
On Wednesday applicant and former President LHCBA Taufeeq Asif Advocate submitted a writ petition in SC that former President Musharraf not only breached the law of the country and put the judges in imprison by imposing emergency but also took several unconstitutional measures.
The case has been described as "riddled with discrepancies", and Foreign Secretary Margaret Beckett appealed to President Musharraf earlier this year to halt the execution.
It is in the strategic interests of the West and the war against terrorism that President Musharraf continues to support Blair and Bush, but they have shown a remarkable lack of political sensitivity.
The sources told that during his speech President Musharraf harshly criticized President Asif Zardari and Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani as well as the leader of PML (N) Mian Nawaz Sharif.
President Musharraf has publicly committed to the cause, but his country remains linked to attacks on the West.
Suspending bombing for the holy month of Ramadan could turn the propganda war in our favour - and help support crucial allies such as President Musharraf.
Islamabad High Court has disposed off case against IG Islamabad regarding escape of former president Musharraf from the court premises.

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