Prince William Sound

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Prince William Sound,

large, irregular, islanded inlet of the Gulf of Alaska, S Alaska, E of the Kenai peninsula. It has many bays and good harbors; the large Columbia Glacier flows into Columbia Bay, in the N central portion. Shipping is focused at the port of ValdezValdez
, city (1990 pop. 4,068), Valdez-Chitina-Whittier census div., S Alaska, at the head of Valdez Arm inside Prince William Sound; inc. 1901. It has tourist and fishing industries, as well as salmon spawning grounds.
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, which is the southern terminus of the trans-Alaskan pipeline linked to Prudhoe BayPrudhoe Bay,
inlet of the Beaufort Sea and Arctic Ocean, N Alaska, in the Alaska North Slope region, east of the Colville River delta. In 1968 one of the largest oil reserves in North America was discovered in Prudhoe Bay.
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. Access to the interior of the sound is by highway and railroad. Fishing, forestry, and some mining are prevalent activities in the area. Valdez and Cordova are the largest towns on the sound. On Mar. 24, 1989, the Exxon Valdez hit a reef nearby and spilled 11 million gallons of oil into Prince William Sound. Clean-up efforts ensued; however, much of the region's wildlife was killed or endangered in subsequent weeks as a result of the environmental disaster.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tanker shipping lanes are continually monitored by the US Coast Guard's Vessel Traffic Service to allow for safe travel through Prince William Sound.
AT1 individuals have not been identified outside of the coastal waters of Prince William Sound and the Kenai Fjords (Matkin et al.
The Exxon Valdez had only one hull when it ran aground on Bligh Reef and poured its oil into Prince William Sound, the southern end of the oil pipeline that originates 800 miles to the north at Prudhoe Bay.
Exxon undertook a massive cleanup effort and spent more than $2 billion to remove the oil from the waters and beaches of Prince William Sound, Lower Cook Inlet, and Kodiak Island.
Brown told me this story in mid-June in the Anchorage Sheraton's lobby restaurant as tour organizers herded senior citizens into teams for cruises around Prince William Sound.
It was no accident that their ancestors settled in the region stretching from Prince William Sound to the Kodiak Island archipelago and the Alaska Peninsula.
In Prince William Sound, substantial amounts of oil remained in subsurface reservoirs under coarse, inter-tidal sediments, protected from weather and retaining their toxicity, becoming "an enduring route of entry into many food chains" for years.
For a few months after the Exxon Valdez leaked 11 million gallons of oil into the once-pristine waters of Prince William Sound, the catastrophe was imprinted on the national consciousness.
In 1778, Captain Cook sailed through a fjord that reaches 12 miles inland to Valdez, Alaska, one of two cities from which Prince William Sound Cruises and Tours depart.
Prince William Sound, the scene of a major oil spill disaster some years ago, has seen a significant drop in fish numbers--from more than 30 million pinks reported on US Government statistics last year to 5 million this season.
Exxon spent more than $3 billion cleaning up Prince William Sound in Alaska and settling federal and state lawsuits.
The oil giant said it had learned its lesson and spent more than $3 billion to clean up the Prince William Sound area and to settle federal and state lawsuits.

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