Princeton University

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Princeton University,

at Princeton, N.J.; coeducational; chartered 1746, opened 1747, rechartered 1748, called the College of New Jersey until 1896.

Schools and Research Facilities

One of the nation's foremost universities, Princeton has in addition to its noted undergraduate college and graduate school important schools of architecture, engineering, and public and international affairs. Research is carried on in many areas, including plasma physics and jet propulsion. The university is affiliated with the Brookhaven National Laboratories. The Harvey S. Firestone library (opened 1948) and the art museum house many outstanding collections. The Institute for Advanced StudyInstitute for Advanced Study,
at Princeton, N.J.; chartered 1930, opened 1933. It differs from a university in that it offers no curriculum or examinations, and confers no degrees. Founded with a gift from Louis Bamberger and Mrs.
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 at Princeton, N.J., is not connected with the university.


Established by the "New Light" (evangelical) Presbyterians, Princeton was originally intended to train ministers, but this purpose disappeared as higher education gained hold. The college opened at Elizabeth, N.J., under the presidency of Jonathan DickinsonDickinson, Jonathan,
1688–1747, American Presbyterian clergyman, a founder and first president of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton Univ.), b. Hatfield, Mass., grad. Yale, 1706.
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. Its second president was Aaron Burr, the elder, father of Aaron BurrBurr, Aaron,
1756–1836, American political leader, b. Newark, N.J., grad. College of New Jersey (now Princeton). Political Career

A brilliant law student, Burr interrupted his study to serve in the American Revolution and proved himself a valiant soldier in
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. In 1756 the college moved to Princeton. During the American Revolution, Princeton was occupied by both sides, and the college's buildings were heavily damaged. Under John WitherspoonWitherspoon, John,
1723–94, Scottish-American Presbyterian clergyman, political leader in the American Revolution, and signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Haddingtonshire (now East Lothian), Scotland. He was educated at the Univ. of Edinburgh.
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 the college was rebuilt. During the 19th cent. the college expanded, and in 1896 Princeton became a university. Under Woodrow WilsonWilson, Woodrow
(Thomas Woodrow Wilson), 1856–1924, 28th President of the United States (1913–21), b. Staunton, Va. Educator

He graduated from Princeton in 1879 and studied law at the Univ. of Virginia.
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, Princeton introduced the preceptorial system (1905), a change that led to a greater degree of individualized instruction.


See T. J. Wertenbaker, Princeton, 1749–1896 (1946); C. G. Osgood, Lights in Nassau Hall (1951); and H. Craig, Woodrow Wilson at Princeton (1960).

Princeton University


a major educational and scholarly center in the USA. Founded in 1746 as a college in Princeton, N.J., Princeton has been a university since 1896. Among those who studied at Princeton were J. Madison, H. Lee, and T. W. Wilson, who served as president of the university from 1902 to 1910.

Education at Princeton is conducted, for the most part, in accordance with individualized study plans. In 1974 there were more than 5,000 undergraduate and graduate students and about 800 principal faculty members. The university is a major center of scholarly research.

As of 1974, Princeton University’s divisions included the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, the School of Architecture and Urban Construction, and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. It had departments of astrophysics, physics, mathematics, geology, biology, chemistry, economics, philosophy, politics, sociology, psychology, religion, Romance languages and literatures, Germanic languages and literatures, and physical education. The James Forrestal Research Center, which has divisions of aeronautics, space research, technology, and a plasma physics laboratory, is associated with the university.

Also as of 1974 the Princeton University libraries had more than 2 million volumes. Princeton is financed by private sources.

Princeton University

(body, education)
Chartered in 1746 as the College of New Jersey, Princeton was British North America's fourth college. First located in Elizabeth, then in Newark, the College moved to Princeton in 1756. The College was housed in Nassau Hall, newly built on land donated by Nathaniel and Rebeckah FitzRandolph. Nassau Hall contained the entire College for nearly half a century. The College was officially renamed Princeton University in 1896; five years later in 1900 the Graduate School was established.

Fully coeducational since 1969, Princeton now enrolls approximately 6,400 students (4,535 undergraduates and 1,866 graduate students). The ratio of full-time students to faculty members (in full-time equivalents) is eight to one.

Today Princeton's main campus in Princeton Borough and Princeton Township consists of more than 5.5 million square feet of space in 160 buildings on 600 acres. The University's James Forrestal Campus in Plainsboro consists of one million square feet of space in four complexes on 340 acres.

As Mercer County's largest private employer and one of the largest in the Mercer/Middlesex/Somerset County region, with approximately 4,830 permanent employees - including more than 1,000 faculty members - the University plays a major role in the educational, cultural, and economic life of the region.
References in periodicals archive ?
Princeton University owns 300 acres of developable land directly across from the buildings on Alexander Road, which is the major access road to the university from U.
Evidence of such jets has led Renyue Cen of Princeton University to argue that supernova 1987A, the nearest supernova to Earth since 1604, may have produced a gamma-ray burst.
It's far too early to tell whether this is correct or not," says theorist Bohdan Paczynski of Princeton University, "but it's very tantalizing.
During the prior Phase I program, Universal Display and Princeton University demonstrated the feasibility of this multilayer encapsulation process based on plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (or PECVD).
Through our recent work with Princeton University, we have identified a new approach that may accelerate the development and demonstration of a low-cost, long-lived flexible OLED for display and lighting products in military and commercial applications.
Wilkinson of Princeton University, "but we think we know something about how the universe began - the first 300,000 years or so.
Meyer of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Ken Ganga and Lyman Page of Princeton University, reported their findings this week and last at astrophysics meetings in Berkeley, Calif.
Tilghman, president of Princeton University, who urged those who believe that the world of scientific research is a meritocracy to recognize that the playing field has been anything but level for women in science, mathematics and engineering.
NYSE:ENZ) announced today that the United States Patent and Trademark Office has declared two patent interferences designating an allowable Enzo Life Sciences patent application against patents held by Chiron Diagnostics and Princeton University for nucleic acid detection.

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