# principal axis

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## principal axis

[′prin·sə·pəl ′ak·səs] (crystallography)

The longest axis in a crystal.

(engineering acoustics)

A reference direction for angular coordinates used in describing the directional characteristics of a transducer; it is usually an axis of structural symmetry or the direction of maximum response.

(mathematics)

One of a set of perpendicular axes such that a quadratic function can be written as a sum of squares of coordinates referred to these axes.

For a conic, a straight line that passes through the midpoints of all the chords perpendicular to it.

For a quadric surface, the intersection of two principal planes.

(mechanics)

One of three perpendicular axes in a rigid body such that the products of inertia about any two of them vanish.

(optics)

## principal axis

**i**. The lateral, vertical, and longitudinal axes.

**ii**. The axis of relative wind.

**iii**. The principal inertial axis: that line passing through the center of gravity in a plane of symmetry about which a long, slender body tends to rotate when rolling.

**iv**. A rectilinear axis in the plane of a cross section of a structural member about which the moment of inertia is the maximum.

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