Priscillian


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Priscillian

(prĭsĭl`yən), d. 385?, Spanish churchman, bishop of Ávila. His appointment to the bishopric was protested by orthodox leaders, who had condemned his former activities as a lay preacher in S Spain, at the Synod of Zaragoza (380). Although Priscillian's ideas were repeatedly denounced, it is not clear that they were heretical. He was suspected of Manichaean and Gnostic leanings because he stressed puristic ideals, sought perfection in asceticism, and dabbled in astrology. The church had been attacking his views for some time when Roman Emperor Maximus ordered that Priscillian be put to death for practicing magic. His execution was strongly protested by his former opponents in the church, St. Ambrose, St. Martin, and the pope. After his death Priscillian was venerated as martyr and saint, and his followers grew. Not until after a council held at Braga (563?) finally condemned Priscillianism did it disappear from Spain.
References in periodicals archive ?
45) According to Sulpitius Severus, Martin thought it sufficient that Priscillian and his companions be expelled from the churches (Historia sacra 12.
An example is the portrait of the "heretic," Priscillian of Avila, that some of his opponents created through the use of typology.
Sulpicius Severus in the fourth century, for example, made similar comments about the erudite background of Priscillian of Avila to warn potential followers about the sinister intellectual abilities that he effectively used to deceive.
Ferreiro, "Jerome's polemic against Priscillian in his Letter to Ctesiphon (133, 4)" Revue des Etudes Augustiniennes 39.
A discussion of Nicolaitans, Jerome, and Priscillian is in A.
Nor does she operate with the priori axiom that since doctrinal squabbles are secondary and surface consequences of rivalries and power struggles resulting from the conversion of educated people to a society with insufficient room at the top, what Priscillian may or not have believed can be pushed to one side by hardheaded historians.
Observing that in an age of doctrinal fluidity beliefs were not yet defined, she does not wish to see Priscillian as a heretic confronted by the orthodox.
Priscillian, the fourth-century Spanish ascetic and bishop, is a figure at once notorious and obscure.
first reconstructs the series of events from the initial episode of controversy in 380 at the episcopal council at Saragossa to the denouement around 386, when Priscillian and some followers were executed at Trier by order of the usurper Magnus Maximus.
Vollmann, who two decades ago produced distinguished pieces on Priscillian and is now happily successor to Bischoff at Munich, copes with Honorius Augustodunensis.
The cathedral in Lugo, Spain, is reported to have maintained eucharistic adoration for more than 1,000 years--begun in reparation for the heresy of the Priscillians, a Gnostic sect that was condemned by the Spanish bishops.