proactive interference


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Related to proactive interference: anterograde amnesia, Retroactive interference

proactive interference

[Prō‚ak·tiv ‚in·tər′fir·əns]
(psychology)
The situation in which old memories inhibit the learning of new memories.
References in periodicals archive ?
Proactive interference & language change in hearing adult students of American Sign Language.
1) Proactive interference resulting from the repeated measures design used in the current study appears to have had only a minor effect on performance, consistent with previous studies showing release of proactive interference when participants shift from speech to sign and vice versa (Hoemann & Keske, 1995; Hoemann & Koenig, 1990).
However, according to Terry (2005), dual store theories have fallen out of favor as a result of alternative explanations for primacy effect provided by Zhao (1997) through his demonstration of proactive interference or alternatively, retroactive interference; and also by Greene, 1986, in his findings of long-term recency when certain experimental paradigms are used.
For instance, Zhao (1997), by comparing lists of different lengths, demonstrated that proactive interference accumulates across items and interferes with memory for the later items on a list.
Effects of varying trial distribution, intra- and extramaze cues, and amount of reward on proactive interference in the radial maze.
Intratrial proactive interference in rats' serial alternation performance in the radial maze.
Time-outs may have little effect on learning tasks, since such tasks generate little or no proactive interference across trials, because the same response is either correct or incorrect for each trial and does not vary across trials.
The release from proactive interference (RPI) task continues to be a useful memory encoding tool (Wickens, 1972; Wickens, Born, & Allen, 1963; Perez & Kee, 2000).