proportional representation

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proportional representation:

see representationrepresentation,
in government, the term used to designate the means by which a whole population may participate in governing through the device of having a much smaller number of people act on their behalf.
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Proportional Representation

 

in bourgeois electoral law, a means of determining the results of a vote, according to which the distribution of seats among parties that have nominated candidates for a representative body conforms with the number of votes received. Under proportional representation large electoral districts are established in which each party nominates its own slate of candidates and the voter casts his vote for a party’s slate. To determine the results of the vote, an electoral yardstick (or quota) is set, that is, a minimum number of votes needed to obtain one seat. The seats within a party’s slate are generally distributed in conformity with the order in which the candidates are listed; such a slate is termed a connected slate.

Proportional representation exists in Italy, Belgium, Finland, and elsewhere. In a number of countries, including Australia and India, a form of proportional representation called preferential voting is used in presidential elections.

In the bourgeois multiparty system, proportional representation is the most democratic way of determining the results of a vote, since the bodies elected in this manner are more representative in character. The Communist and workers’ parties of capitalist states make demands for proportional representation, but bourgeois states are reluctant to accept this, since they fear an increase in the number of workers’ representatives in elected bodies. Most bourgeois states use the majority system of representation.

proportional representation

Politics representation of parties in an elective body in proportion to the votes they win
References in periodicals archive ?
Under proportional voting, they would be nowhere - and Cameron's many enemies within the party know that.
With the exception of a long line of very small political parties which feel that the Czech proportional voting system is harmful to them, the people in general simply complain about the inability of the executive (overloaded with a torrent of competing demands and expectations) to address urgent problems and to deliver quick and effective solutions, which were zealously promised in pre-election campaign rhetoric.
Since New Zealand introduced a proportional voting system in 1996, neither of the parties has secured an outright majority and they have always relied on the support of minor parties.
According to Fair Vote Canada, if Alberta had a proportional voting system in place, the PCs would have won about 44 seats, the Liberals 22, the NDP seven, Wild Rose Alliance six and the Green Party four.
Indeed, members of the City Council and School Committee were elected through a proportional voting process between 1949 and 1959, and, according to observers, the six municipal elections held during that period produced some of the biggest voter turnouts and yielded the most diverse representation on both bodies.
The new proportional voting system meant Labour lost control of all but two councils.
Proportional voting would advance past the false dichotomy of two winner-take-all systems: districts and at-large elections.
style winner-take-all electoral system and a more European-style proportional voting system.
To promote national unity, to build bridges, broker differences and prevent minorities from having more power than warranted, requires, in Canada and some of our provinces, a more proportional voting system.
FPTP encourages that more than proportional voting.
No one should think state-by-state proportional voting for president would expand without controversy.
And proportional voting in the European elections means that we vote for a list of eight or nine strangers and somebody else decides which one gets in.

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