Propylene Oxide


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propylene oxide

[′prō·pə‚lēn ′äk‚sīd]
(organic chemistry)
C3H6O Colorless, flammable liquid, with etherlike aroma; soluble in water, alcohol, and ether; boils at 33.9°C; used as a solvent and fumigant, in lacquers, coatings, and plastics, and as a petrochemical intermediate.

Propylene Oxide

 

a colorless liquid with the structure

It has a melting point of –104.4°C, a boiling point of 34.5°-34.9°C, and a density of 0.859 g/cm3. Propylene oxide is miscible with water in the ratio (by volume) of 1:1.5 (20°C). Similar to ethylene oxide in chemical properties, it is prepared commercially from propylene by hypochlorination with subsequent alkali treatment or direct catalytic oxidation. Propylene oxide is used as a fumigant and as an intermediate in the synthesis of solvents, lubricants, hydraulic fluids, and emulsifiers. The polymers (polypropylene glycols) and copolymers of propylene oxide are used with glycerol, sorbitol, and other poly-hydric alcohols in the synthesis of polyurethanes. Certain ho-mopolymers and copolymers of propylene oxide are known as epoxy resins.

References in periodicals archive ?
Company snapshots, including company overview, business description and information on current and upcoming Propylene Oxide (PO) plants
Obtain up-to-date information on Saudi Arabia's Propylene Oxide (PO) industry
EZTest[R] propylene oxide (PPO) is a self-contained biological indicator which consists of a spore paper carrier, contained in a plastic vial with a small sealed glass ampoule of culture media.
On July 13, 1989, CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) published Current Intelligence Bulletins (CIBs) on propylene oxide [1] and on ethylene oxide [2].
GlobalData's report, Propylene Oxide (PO) Industry Outlook in Japan to 2016 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants provides an in-depth coverage of Japan PO industry.
In terms of production the facility remains on schedule with ethylene and propylene followed by ethylene oxide and propylene oxide and derivatives.
USPRwire, Fri Apr 08 2016] GlobalData's new report, "Propylene Oxide (PO) Industry Outlook in Taiwan to 2019 - Market Size, Price Trends and Trade Balance", provides in-depth coverage of Taiwan's Propylene Oxide (PO) industry and presents major market trends.
GlobalData's new report, "Propylene Oxide (PO) Industry Outlook in the United States to 2019 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants", provides in-depth coverage of the United States's Propylene Oxide (PO) industry and presents major market trends.
8,895,492 B2; Colgate-Palmolive Company has been awarded patent coverage for an aqueous, dilutable, liquid cleaning composition comprising a plurality of surfactants, including surfactant active components, wherein the plurality of surfactants includes at least one anionic surfactant, at least one additional surfactant selected from at least one amphoteric surfactant and at least one nonionic surfactant, at least one divalent metal salt and a block copolymer of propylene oxide and ethylene oxide.
The company added that the plant will have an annual capacity of 900m pounds of propylene oxide (PO) and 2bn pounds of tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA) and its derivatives.
Direct applications include, besides the plastic polypropylene, chemicals such as propylene oxide, acrylonitrile, cumene, butyraldehyde, acrylic acid and isopropanol.
Sadara will use output from the plant as a raw material for the HP-to-propylene oxide (HPPO) manufacturing plant on the site, thereby supporting its propylene oxide (PO) derivative units that produce polyols and propylene glycol.