26) identified extensive misclassification of AIDS deaths to indicator conditions including protein-energy malnutrition
in the year 2000.
Rapid-turnover transport proteins: an index of subclinical protein-energy malnutrition
Although their liquid consistency makes them easy to consume, the volumes needed to meet infant energy and nutrient requirements often exceed the maximum volume the infant can ingest; and this may lead to inadequate nutrient intakes; hence, protein-energy malnutrition
Limited value of serum ferritin in evaluating iron status in children with protein-energy malnutrition
Friedman JF, Kwena A, Mirel LB, Kariuki SK, Terlouw DJ, Phillips-Howard PA, Hawley WA, Nahlen BL, Ya Ping Shi and FO Ter Kuile Risk factors for Protein-Energy Malnutrition
among young children in an area of intense perennial malaria transmission in Western Kenya: Results of cross sectional survey.
These definitions are designed principally in relation to clinical syndromes of primary protein-energy malnutrition
seen in paediatric populations in developing countries and are not easily applied to the hospitalised adult population in industrialised countries (2).
(PEM) is a serious clinical condition with high prevalence in areas where malaria tropica (plasmodium falciparum) is highly endemic such as western Kenya .
In addition, low birth weight, protein-energy malnutrition
, anemia and iodine deficiency reduce children's ability to learn.
To the Editor: The association between protein-energy malnutrition
(PEM) and dysphagia is well recognised--dysphagia, if not managed, can lead to PEM.
His current research interests include Protein-Energy Malnutrition
and malaria in children, Aflatoxin and Fumonisin contamination as factors in growth retardation, HIV-AIDS and malnutrition in children, Isoenzymes as tools in disease diagnosis and the role of vitamins A and E in disease diagnosis.
The term malnutrition includes both protein-energy malnutrition
and the lack of specific nutrients.
The most serious nutritional deficiency in infants and young children is protein-energy malnutrition
(PEM), which contributes to more than 50% of childhood mortality in developing countries [8, 9].