proxy server

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proxy server

Computing a computer that acts as an intermediary between a client machine and a server, caching information to save access time

proxy server

[′präk·sē ‚sər·vər]
(computer science)
Software for caching and filtering Web content to reduce network traffic on intranets, and for increasing security by filtering content and restricting access.

Proxy Server

(software, security)
Microsoft's proxy server and proxy gateway, designed to provide extensible firewall and network security. Proxy Server is part of BackOffice.

proxy server

(programming, World-Wide Web)
A process providing a cache of items available on other servers which are presumably slower or more expensive to access.

This term is used particularly for a World-Wide Web server which accepts URLs with a special prefix. When it receives a request for such a URL, it strips off the prefix and looks for the resulting URL in its local cache. If found, it returns the document immediately, otherwise it fetches it from the remote server, saves a copy in the cache and returns it to the requester. The cache will usually have an expiry algorithm which flushes documents according to their age, size and access history.

Compare proxy gateway.

proxy server

Also called a "proxy," it is a computer system or router that breaks the connection between sender and receiver. Functioning as a relay between client and server, proxy servers help prevent an attacker from invading a private network and are one of several tools used to build a firewall.

The word proxy means "to act on behalf of another," and a proxy server acts on behalf of the user. All requests from clients to the Internet go to the proxy server first. The proxy evaluates the request, and if allowed, re-establishes it on the outbound side to the Internet. Likewise, responses from the Internet go to the proxy server to be evaluated. The proxy then relays the message to the client. Both client and server think they are communicating with one another, but, in fact, are dealing only with the proxy.

Address Translation and Caching
The proxy server is a dual-homed host with two network interfaces and two IP addresses. The IP address on the outbound side of the proxy is the one the Internet sees, and the address of the machine making the request is hidden to the outside world. Proxies are often used in conjunction with network address translation (NAT), which hides all the IP addresses of the client machines on the internal network. Proxy servers may also cache Web pages, so that the next request for that same page can be obtained much faster locally. See NAT and proxy cache.

Other Proxies
Anonymous proxy servers let users surf the Web and keep their IP address private (see anonymous proxy). Although not specifically called a proxy, Internet e-mail (SMTP) is a similar concept because it forwards mail. Messages are not sent directly from client to client without going through the mail server. Likewise, the Internet's Usenet news system (NNTP) forwards messages to neighboring servers. See firewall.

Application Level and Circuit Level
Proxy servers are available for common Internet services; for example, an HTTP proxy is used for Web access; an FTP proxy is used for file transfers. Such proxies are called "application-level" proxies or "application-level gateways," because they are dedicated to a particular application and protocol and are aware of the content of the packets being sent. A generic proxy, called a "circuit-level" proxy, supports multiple applications. For example, SOCKS is IP-based circuit-level proxy server software that supports TCP and UDP applications (see SOCKS).

Forward and Reverse Proxies
In this definition, the proxy servers are used to hide the details of the clients from the servers and are thus known as "forward proxies." However, they can also reside at the website to hide the details of the servers from the clients (see reverse proxy).


A Proxy Server in a LAN
In this LAN server illustration, the proxy server sits between two routers in what is known as a "demilitarized zone." See DMZ.
References in periodicals archive ?
Competitive solutions rely on a large database of categorized anonymous proxy sites that are extremely slow to update and are bloated with outdated sites.
The spokesperson said that 10 percent of traffic to The Pirate Bay's proxy sites is now coming from BT customers, while 30 percent is from Virgin Media users, 15 percent from Sky, six percent from TalkTalk and three percent from O2.
Prosecutor Kursat Kayral asked the Telecommunication and Communication Authority (TIB), a government body that oversees internet accessibility in the country, whether there was proxy sites enabling access to the YouTube.
With anti-filtering software and the use of web proxy sites, some Iranians have been able to circumvent those controls to browse YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and Farsi-language news sites that were blocked.
Not to be confused with traditional URL blacklists, eSoft's SiteFilter technology goes beyond blocking porn and gambling by dynamically classifying online threats like malware distribution, phishing and proxy sites.
Some Iranians use so-called proxy sites or antifiltering search engines to access websites that have been blocked by the government, in turn further slowing the already slow Internet speeds.
To ensure that blocklists are kept current and legally compliant, it offers automatic daily updates from the Internet Watch Foundation and screens the actual content and construction of Web pages in detail, detecting and blocking objectionable material, dangerous hidden content and proxy sites.
Administrators can block the usage of anonymous proxy sites that are often used to bypass safeguards.
Beginning early this year, however, access even to obscure proxy sites began to be blocked, often within a few minutes of a successful connection.
Until recently, the approach to optimizing a website across different devices was to create separate proxy sites for mobile and tablet," said Patrick Collins, President of 5th Finger.
With an increasing number of anonymous proxy sites now being access via HTTPS, the latest version of Tru-View Technology is now also able to identify and block these in real-time offering enhanced protection against anonymous proxies and allow IT managers to continue to provide a secure environment.
Can we now please have the same response for proxy sites demonoid and manjam.