Pseudomonas

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Related to Pseudomonas maltophilia: Xanthomonas maltophilia

Pseudomonas

A genus of gram-negative, nonsporeforming, rod-shaped bacteria. Motile species possess polar flagella. They are strictly aerobic, but some members do respire anaerobically in the presence of nitrate. Some species produce acids oxidatively from carbohydrates; none is fermentative and none photosynthetic.

Members of the genus Pseudomonas cause a variety of infective diseases; some species cause disease of plants. One species, P. mallei, is a mammalian parasite, and is the causative agent of glanders, an infectious disease of horses that occasionally is transmitted to humans by direct contact. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most significant cause of hospital-acquired infections, particularly in predisposed patients with metabolic, hematologic, and malignant diseases. The spectrum of clinical disease ranges from urinary tract infections to septicemia, pneumonia, meningitis, and infections of postsurgical and posttraumatic wounds. See Meningitis, Pneumonia

Pseudomonas

[‚süd·ə′mōn·əs]
(microbiology)
A genus of gram-negative, motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria that cause a variety of infectious diseases in animals and humans (such as glanders and melioidosis) and in plants.
References in periodicals archive ?
B (DSM 2134) 1 1 20 100 Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 19212) 1 100 100 100 Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) -- -- -- -- Morganella morganii (E 10679/93) -- -- 100 100 Klebsiella pneumoniae (ATCC 27736) -- -- -- -- Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853) -- -- 100 100 Serratia marcescens (E 8382/92) -- -- -- -- Pseudomonas maltophilia (D 141/92) -- -- 100 100 Bacillus subtilis (ATCC 6633) 1 20 20 20 Micrococcus luteus (DSM 348) 1 1 100 100 Corynebacterium amycolatum (ATCC 494368) 1 10 20 100 Corynebact.
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, previously known as Xanthomonas maltophilia and Pseudomonas maltophilia, is a Gram negative rod, and a non fermentator of glucose, recognized as a causal agent of diverse hospital infections, it also shows resistance to multiple antimicrobial agents.
Transfer of Pseudomonas maltophilia HUGH 1981 to the genus Xanthomonas as Xanthomonas maltophilia (HUGH 1981 ).