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an oppressive mental disorder characterized by extreme indecisiveness and timidity and a tendency to fixed ideas. The disease was described in 1903 by the French physician P. Janet, who believed that the lowered capacity for perceiving reality characteristic of the disease results in constant doubt, vacillation, and concentration on imaginary dangers. According to I. P. Pavlov, psychasthenia is caused by the weakness of the subcortex and the first signaling system and the predominance of the second signaling system. The term “psychasthenia” is used in modern medicine to denote either some form of psychopathy or an obsessional neurosis in psychopathic personalities.

Psychasthenic individuals are noted for their anxiety, mistrust, shyness, and concern with details. Their initiative is low, although they have a strong sense of duty. They often have tormenting doubts regarding the correctness of their decisions and fear they will be unable to discharge their obligations. Their lack of self-confidence makes them repeatedly verify their actions; for example, a psychasthenic may repeatedly check whether he has turned off the gas or actually placed the letter into the mailbox. An imaginary danger is more frightening than a real one. The mental capacity of psychasthenics is not impaired and may be high; for example, pronounced symptoms of psychasthenia were observed in E. Zola at the height of his literary career.

Psychotherapy is the chief means of treating psychasthenia. Occupational therapy and psychotropic drugs are also used.


Gannushkin, P. B. Klinika psikhopatii: Ikh statika, dinamika, sistematika. Moscow, 1933.
Ozeretskovskii, D. S. Naviazchivye sostoianiia. Moscow, 1950.
Davidenkov, S. N. Nevrozy. Leningrad, 1963.
Kerbikov, O. V. “K ucheniiu o dinamike psikhopatii.” Izbr. trudy. Moscow, 1971. Pages 163–87.
Sviadoshch, A. M. Nevrozy i ikh lechenie, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Janet, P. Les Obsessions el la psychasthenie, 3rd ed, vols. 1–2. Paris,1911–19.


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Also, each of the four anxiety components independently and significantly predicted MI: psychasthenia (odds ratio, 1.
Of particular concern was the 17-point increase on the Schizophrenia scale and the 14-point increase on both the Psychasthenia and Hypomania scales.
Client outcome measures included residual change scores on the Depression, Psychasthenia, and Social Introversion scales of the MMPI and self-ratings on an 11-point global improvement scale ranging from "much worse" to "much better.
For example, the commonly used Minnesota Multi-Phobic Personality Inventory (MIVIPI) test of personality, which consists of 500 true and false questions, with responses that are scored in terms of scales: hypochondria, depression, hysteria, psychopathic deviate, masculinity-femininity, paranoia, psychasthenia, schizophrenia, and hypomania
8,22-26] In fact, Scott and Severance [24] found that externality was associated with depression, anxiety, psychasthenia, hypochondriasis, and social introversion.
Use of the MMPI can show "personality traits [which] include the following symptoms or conditions: hypochondriasis, depression, hysteria, psychopathic deviate, masculinity-femininity, paranoia, psychasthenia, schizophrenia, hypomania, and social introversion.
Succinctly, feigners reported more clinical disorders: hypochondriasis, depression, hysteria, psychopathic disorders, psychasthenia, paranoia, schizophrenia, hypomania, and social introversion.
He found that missionaries who persevered scored significantly lower on the Lie (L) scale and higher on the Infrequency (F), Psychasthenia (Pt), and Control (Cn) scales than nonpersevering missionaries.
The results (see Table 1) reveal that the participants matched or significantly surpassed the cut-off point of the basic clinical scales for hypochondria, depression, hysteria, deviation psychopathic, paranoia, psychasthenia, schizophrenia, and social introversion.
The video Untitled: Pissing, 1995, is an up-close view of a man wetting his pants, while Psychasthenia 10 Series 2, 2000-2001, a silent slide projection of anodyne housing projects at night, is screened within a chamber of black felt and summons Roger Caillois's link between insect camouflage and the schizophrenic experience of urban spatial assimilation.
The MMPI has a number of true/false items, which are scored for 10 basic clinical scales (Hypochondriasis (Hs), Depression (D), Hysteria (Hy), Psychopathic deviate (Pd), Masculinity-Femininity (Mf), Paranoia (Pa), Psychasthenia (Pt), Schizophrenia (Sc), Hypomania (Ma) and Social introversion (Si)) and 3 validity scales (L, F, K)).
Given the relevance of this subject, the main objective of the present study is to analyze how the passing of time influences relatives of patients admitted to ICU regarding the three following variables: a) Personality variables (hypochondria, suicidal depression, agitation, anxious depression, low-energy depression, guilty-resentment, apathy-withdrawal, paranoia, psychopathic deviation, schizophrenia, psychasthenia and psychological maladjustment); b) family relationships (cohesion, expressivity and conflict) and c) fear of death (fear of one's own death, someone else's death, fear of one's own dying and the fear of someone else's dying).