Ptolemy III

Ptolemy III

(Ptolemy Euergetes) (tŏl`əmē yo͞oûr`jĭtēz), d. 221 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (246–221 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy IIPtolemy II
(Ptolemy Philadelphus) , c.308–246 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (285–246 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy I and Berenice (c.340–281 B.C.). He continued his father's efforts to make Alexandria the cultural center of the Greek world.
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 and the first Arsinoë. He plunged immediately into a war with Syria, where his sister, BereniceBerenice,
c.280–46 B.C., queen-consort of ancient Syria; wife of Antiochus II. She was called Berenice Syra. She was the daughter of Ptolemy II, and her marriage (252) to Antiochus II marked a temporary cessation in the wars between the Egyptian monarchs and the Seleucids.
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, was trying to secure the throne for her son. Berenice and her son were murdered before Ptolemy could arrive, and Seleucus IISeleucus II
(Seleucus Callinicus), d. 226 B.C., king of ancient Syria (247–226 B.C.), son of Antiochus II. On his father's death there was a struggle for the throne between Seleucus and his stepmother, Berenice (on behalf of her infant son).
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 held the throne, though the Egyptian king won a brilliant if impermanent victory. Egyptian fleets controlled most of the coasts of Asia Minor and E Greece, and the kingdom was enlarged by Ptolemy's marriage to BereniceBerenice,
c.273–21 B.C., queen of ancient Cyrene and Egypt. She was the daughter and successor of King Magas of Cyrene. In 247 B.C. she married Ptolemy III, thereby effectively annexing Cyrene to Egypt.
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, daughter and heiress of the king of Cyrene.
References in periodicals archive ?
It has detailed inscriptions of Ptolemy III, who succeeded Ptolemy II, offering sacrifices to the Egyptian goddess Isis as well as images of the god Hapi.
It represented the tuft of Leo the Lion's tail until the third century BC, when its name was changed to mark the amber tresses of Queen Berenice, wife of Ptolemy III of Egypt.
After the marriage of Ptolemy III to Berenice, daughter of the Cyrenean Governor Magas, around the middle of the third century, many Cyrenaican cities were renamed to mark the occasion.
The temple, discovered in the Kom el-Dekkah neighbourhood of the city, is believed to belong to Queen Berenike II, wife of Ptolemy III who ruled Egypt in the third century BC, according to Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities.
The mission led by Mohamed Abdel Maqsoud, head of Antiquities of Lower Egypt, discovered the remains of a temple of Queen Berenike, the wife of King Ptolemy III who ruled Egypt between 246 and 222 BC, in the Kom al-Dikka area in Alexandria.
Bingen's excellent chapter detailing how Ptolemy I justified his rule by appropriating Alexander's legacy and establishing a Cultural centre at Alexandria precedes an enlightening chapter on a naos of Ptolemy III at Philae.
This remark is best interpreted in the domestic context of Kleomenes' struggle with the other royal house of Sparta, which also claimed Heraklean ancestry, rather than in a broader context involving rival Hellenistic monarchs: of Kleomenes' contemporaries only his ally Ptolemy III Euergetes claimed to be the progeny of Herakles.
To ensure no work escaped its grasp, Ptolemy III of Egypt decreed that any book or scroll brought into the city was to be surrendered and then copied by official scribes for the library; only then would the original (but sometimes the copy) be returned to its owner.
Ptolemy III was so bent on this objective that he ordered all foreign ships boarded and their books confiscated to be copied for the library's vaults.
According to another legend, Ptolemy III, in his quest for the original manuscripts of the Greek tragedians Sophocles, Aeschylus and Euripides, agreed to pay the state archives in Athens the enormous sum of 15 talents as security for permission to borrow and copy them.
So it was that the Canopus Decree was issued in the days of Ptolemy III Euergetes (238 BCE) to correct this discrepancy.
Known as the radiate crown of Helios, it was worn by Ptolemy III in coins struck by his successor Ptolemy IV as a symbol of the triumphs Ptolemy III had mastered (see, e.