Pu Yi


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Pu Yi

(po͞o yē) or

Henry Pu-yi,

Manchu Aisin Gioro, 1906–67, last emperor (1908–12) of China, under the reign name Hsuan T'ung. After his abdication, the new republican government granted him a large government pension and permitted him to live in the Forbidden City of Beijing until 1924. After 1925, he lived in the Japanese concession in Tianjin. In 1934, reigning under the name K'ang Te, he became the emperor of the Japanese puppet state of ManchukuoManchukuo
, former country, comprising the three provinces of NE China, traditionally called Manchuria. The Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931 and founded Manchukuo in 1932. Changchun, the capital, was renamed Xinjing [Chinese,=new capital].
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, or Manchuria. He was captured by the Russians in 1945 and kept as their prisoner. In 1946, Pu Yi testified at the Tokyo war crimes trial that he had been the unwilling tool of the Japanese militarists and not, as they claimed, the instrument of Manchurian self-determination. In 1950 he was handed over to the Chinese Communists, and he was imprisoned at Shenyang until 1959, when Mao Zedong granted him amnesty.

Bibliography

See his autobiography, From Emperor to Citizen (tr. by W. J. F. Jenner, 1964–65); study by H. McAleary (1963).

References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, Xu mentions the 1903 novel "The Travels of Lao Can", from the last years of the Qing dynasty whose last emperor would abdicate in 1912, the five-year-old Pu Yi.
In 1912, Pu Yi, the last emperor of China, abdicated, marking the end of the Qing Dynasty.
Pu Yi, the last emperor of China, was suckled into his teens but the practice was banned as decadent by Chairman Mao.
The series highlights famous historical figures kicking off with Benjamin Franklin in The Maze of Bones, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in One False Note, Toyotomi Hideyoshi in The Sword Thief, Howard Carter in Beyond the Grave, Anastasia Romanov in The Black Circle, Amelia Earhart in In Too Deep, Shaka Zulu in The Viper's Nest, Pu Yi in The Emperor's Code, Anne Bonny in Storm Warning, and William Shakespeare in Into the Gauntlet.
The Liverpool Philharmonic is also performing a piece composed for a "new" Chinese stringed instrument called the "dahu", created by Li Kui Hsuing, who famously worked on the sound track for the film The Last Emperor, Bertolucci's flawed biopic of Pu Yi.
Newly published documents suggest that famed World War II-era spy Yoshiko Kawashima, a relative of the ''Last Emperor'' Pu Yi, was executed in China, countering decades of conjecture that she paid for an impersonator to take her place before the firing squad.
December 2 - Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne, aged two.
THIRTY million people, the inhabitants of the new state of Manchukuo, are awaiting tomorrow's dawn, when the first ceremonies in connection with the enthronement of Mr Pu Yi, former boy Emperor of China, as Emperor of the new state will take place.
The reign of China's last emperor, Pu Yi, ended in 1912.
17 In history, the child Pu Yi became the last emperor of which country in 1908?
Occasional books and films about the tragic life of Pu Yi, the last Qing emperor, touch on his brief tenure as the puppet ruler of "Manchukuo.
The Last Emperor is, of course, the title of a Hollywood movie portraying the life of Pu Yi, the last emperor of China's Ching Dynasty.