Pugwash Conferences


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Pugwash Conferences

 

(formally called Conferences on Science and World Affairs), international meetings of scientists supporting peace, disarmament, and international security, the prevention of world thermonuclear war, and scientific cooperation. The first conference was convened at the initiative of a group of world-renowned scientists, including A. Einstein, J. F. Joliot-Curie, and B. Russell, who in 1955 called on the scientists of all countries to speak out against the military uses of atomic energy. It was held in July 1957 in Pugwash, Canada, at the home of the American public figure and industrialist C. Eaton. At this conference, a permanent Pugwash committee was formed, with its home office in London. Subsequent conferences were held once or twice a year.

Table 1. Pugwash conferences
ConferencePlaceDate
First………….Pugwash, N.S., CanadaJuly 1957
Second………..Lac Beauport, Que., CanadaApril-May 1958
Third …………Kitzbühel, AustriaSeptember 1958
Fourth…………Baden, AustriaJune-July 1959
Fifth………….Pugwash, N.S., CanadaAugust 1959
Sixth …………Moscow, USSRNovember-December 1960
Seventh and eighth ….Stowe, Vt, USASeptember 1961
Ninth …………Cambridge, Great BritainAugust 1962
Tenth …………London, Great BritainSeptember 1962
Eleventh ……….Dubrovnik, YugoslaviaSeptember 1963
Twelfth ………..Udaipur, IndiaJanuary 1964
Thirteenth ………Karlovy Vary, CzechoslovakiaSeptember 1964
Fourteenth ………Venice, ItalyApril 1965
Fifteenth ……….Addis Ababa, EthiopiaDecember 1965-January 1966
Sixteenth……….Sopot, PolandSeptember 1966
Seventeenth……..Ronneby, SwedenSeptember 1967
Eighteenth ………Nice, FranceSeptember 1968
Nineteenth ………Sochi, USSROctober 1969
Twentieth……….Fontana, Wis., USASeptember 1970
Twenty-first ……..Sinaia, RumaniaAugust-September 1971
Twenty-second ……Oxford, Great BritainSeptember 1972
Twenty-third ……..Hameenlinna, FinlandAugust-September 1973
Twenty-fourth …….Baden, AustriaAugust-September 1974

See Table 1 for a list of the Pugwash conferences.

References in periodicals archive ?
President Masood Khan appreciated the constructive role being played by Pugwash conferences in pursuit of peace and stability all around the world.
He is currently president of the 1995 Nobel Peace Laureate Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs.
Between 1974 and 1986 Subrahmanyam also served on a number of United Nations and other multilateral study groups, on issues such as Indian Ocean affairs, disarmament and nuclear deterrence; and also at various Pugwash conferences as a senior member.
He helped found The Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995.
Holdren, a professor of environmental policy at Harvard University, led the Pugwash Conferences on science and world affairs, an international organisation of prominent scientists that won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995.
What is the purpose of the international Pugwash Conferences, held in Canada since 1957?
That challenge led to the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs and their persistent arms control initiatives, which flourished during the Cold War and continue today.
Ten years ago, the prize went to Joseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, and 10 years before that to the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.
In an opening address at the 55th Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Hitoshi Onishi, representative of the national Pugwash group of Japan, expressed alarm over the state of nuclear proliferation, in light of the collapse of the review conference for the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in New York in May, the planned development of a new type of small nuclear weapon, and stepped-up nuclear proliferation.
Following the release of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, Joseph Rotblat, today the document's last living signer, took the lead in forming the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, launched two years later.
The summit was to be co-sponsored by the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs and the Gorbachev Foundation, headed by former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, winner of the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize.
Sir Joseph Rotblat, a founder of the disarmament group Pugwash Conferences, says the United States and Britain are in breach of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.