Pulcheria

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Pulcheria

(pəlkēr`ēə), 399–453, Roman empress of the East (414–53), daughter of Arcadius and Eudoxia. She became coruler with her brother, Theodosius IITheodosius II,
401–50, Roman emperor of the East (408–50), son and successor of Arcadius. He preferred the study of theology and astronomy to public affairs, which he left to the guidance of his sister, Pulcheria—and, at times, to that of his wife Eudocia.
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, and regent in 414. Theodosius remained under her influence most of his life. Pulcheria took a vow of chastity and brought an almost monastic atmosphere to the Byzantine court. At her brother's death (450) she chose MarcianMarcian
, 396–457, Roman emperor of the East (450–57); successor of Theodosius II, whose sister Pulcheria he married in 450. Orthodox in religious affairs, he convoked (451) the Council of Chalcedon (see Chalcedon, Council of).
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 as emperor and nominally married him.