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Poona(both: po͞o`nə), city (1991 pop. 2,493,987), Maharashtra state, W central India. It is a district administrative and commercial center with automotive vehicle works, appliance factories, and other manufacturers. There are several palaces and temples from the 17th and 18th cent., when Pune was the capital of the Marathas. Under British rule it was an important military center. Pune Univ., a meteorological observatory, a national chemical laboratory, and a national-defense academy are in the city. It was also the original center of the Transcendental MeditationTranscendental Meditation,
service mark for a meditation technique and program founded by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and based on Vedic philosophy. Stressing natural meditation and the mental and physical benefits and personal development that could be achieved, Transcendental
..... Click the link for more information. movement.
(also, Poona), a city in India, in the state of Maharashtra. Located on the northwest Deccan Plateau at the confluence of the Mutha and Mula rivers. Population, 853,000 (1971).
Pune is an important junction on the highway that goes through the Borghat Pass in the Western Ghats. A large and growing industrial and commercial center, it is economically linked with Bombay. It has machine-building, textile, leather-footwear, paper, and chemical industries. There is an antibiotics factory in the suburb of Pimpri. Pune has a university, founded in 1949.