Punjabi


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Punjabi

(pŭnjä`bē), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
..... Click the link for more information.
 languages.

Punjabi

 

(also Panjabi), the language of the Punjabis, spoken in eastern Pakistan, northwestern India (primarily in the state of Punjab), and elsewhere in India. Punjabi has more than 21 million speakers in Pakistan and more than 15 million in India (1971, estimate), where it is an official language. Punjabi, one of the Indo-Aryan languages of the Indo-European language family, is divided into Maji, Doabi, Malwai, Powadi, Rathi, and Bhatiani dialects. It has four tones—level, rising, pharyngealized falling, and plain falling—to indicate meaning and grammatical function. Punjabi is an analytic and inflectional language. Grammatical features include a well-developed case system, the inflection of certain adjectives for gender only in the predicative function, and subject, indirect-object, and relational adverbial modifiers.

The oldest written work in Punjabi is the Adi-Granth (or Granth Sahib), the scriptures of Sikhism, dating to the 12th through 17th centuries. Punjabi is written in Gurmukhi, a phonetic and syllabic script that indicates tones. The script is derived from the Brahmi writing system.

REFERENCES

Smirnov, Iu. A. “Obnaruzhenie chetvertogo tona ν iazyke pandzhabi i faringalizovannogo kharaktera drugogo, izvestnogo tona.” Uch. zap. Gos. in-ta mezhdunarodnykh otnoshenii, 1971, fasc. 7.
Gill, H. S., and H. A. Gleason. A Reference Grammar of Panjabi. Hartford, Conn., 1963.
Duni Chandra. Panjabi bhasha da wiakarana. Chandigarh [1964].
Smirnov, U. A. The Composite Sentence: Main Problems. Chandigarh [1966].
Panjabi Kosh, Patiala, vols. 1–4. [No place] 1955–67.

IU. A. SMIRNOV

Punjabi

, Panjabi
the state language of the Punjab, belonging to the Indic branch of the Indo-European family
References in periodicals archive ?
With PTI inputs Dalip Kaur Tiwana, 80, is considered the foremost novelist in contemporary Punjabi writing.
His verse is a treasure-trove of Punjabi phrases, idioms and sayings, she said.
Kulwant Singh, President, Indian Business and Professional Council, Dubai, said the event included traditional folk entertainment and provided a community platform for Punjabis.
The deadline given to the three Punjabi radio stations was over on Aug 28.
During his career he has worked as a Warwick University lecturer, an Office for Standards in Education lecturer and a Punjabi teacher.
The committee for the metrical translation of the Psalter into Punjabi consisted of Imam-ud-Din Shahbaz, Mary Jane Campbell, Thomas Fulton Cummings, Mary Rachel Martin, Josephine Martin, Henrietta Cowden, Mrs.
That's when he made up his mind that he would start a place for his community and treat them pure Punjabi fare.
Punjabi kick-started his career as an Intern with Alcatel 10 years ago in Velizy, France, and worked with its local partner, Al Futtaim Technologies.
He''s clearly proud of his restaurant, the menu and his Punjabi heritage and absolutely insisted that we tried a traditional Punjabi drink, Dee Lasi, which blends together honey, yoghurt and milk.
Bank of Montreal (NYSE: BMO) is to be the title sponsor of the Punjabi International Film Festival in Canada.
Punjabi has yet to trouble the judge but he has not shirked the issue when contesting the Christmas Hurdle, the Betfair Hurdle and the County.
This year doesn't look any different as he could well saddle the ante-post gamble My Tent Or Yours, Cash And Go, who was favourite for The Ladbroke only to fall, and former Champion Hurdle winner Punjabi, who is the intriguing one for me at the prices.

Full browser ?