Pure Land Buddhism

(redirected from Pure Land)

Pure Land Buddhism

or

Amidism,

devotional sect of Mahayana BuddhismBuddhism
, religion and philosophy founded in India c.525 B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. There are over 300 million Buddhists worldwide. One of the great world religions, it is divided into two main schools: the Theravada or Hinayana in Sri Lanka and SE Asia, and
..... Click the link for more information.
 in China and Japan, centering on worship of the Buddha Amitabha. According to the Pure Land Sutras, composed in India in the 2d cent. A.D., Amitabha vowed to save all sentient beings by granting them rebirth in his realm, the "Western Paradise," a pure land endowed with miraculous characteristics ensuring its inhabitants easy entry into nirvananirvana
, in Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism, a state of supreme liberation and bliss, contrasted to samsara or bondage in the repeating cycle of death and rebirth.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Salvation could be attained by invoking the name of Amitabha with absolute faith in his grace and the efficacy of his vow. It was believed that Amitabha and his retinue would appear to the faithful at the time of death and convey them to his paradise. In both China and Japan the movement gained impetus from the idea of the "end of the Dharma," which divided the development of Buddhism into three ages: that of the true, the counterfeit, and the decaying dharma, that is, Buddhist teaching. Those living in the present final, degenerate age cannot attain enlightenment by the original means of self-effort, austerity, and superior knowledge and must rely entirely on faith. There were devotees of Amitabha in China as early as the end of the 3d cent. A.D.; the sect was officially founded in 402 by its first patriarch, Hui-Yuan. Later masters spread the faith among the masses, sometimes using evangelical methods, contrasting the torments of hell with the bliss of the "Western Paradise." In Japan, Pure Land Buddhism was established as a sect by Honen (1133–1212), who taught that even those who had mastered Buddhist philosophy "should behave themselves like simpleminded folk" and renounce all practices except the nembutsu, recitation of the formula Namu Amida Butsu [homage to Amitabha Buddha]. His disciple Shinran (1173–1262) carried Honen's teachings to their logical conclusion by abandoning monastic celibacy and marrying. Shinran held that reliance on one's own effort or on any practice other than the nembutsu would show lack of faith in Amitabha. He broke with Honen's followers on these issues and became the leader of the True Pure Land Sect, which grew to be the largest Buddhist sect in Japan. The numerous representations of Amitabha with his attendant bodhisattvas and the depictions of hell testify to the influence of Pure Land Buddhism on Chinese and Japanese Buddhist art. For translations of the Pure Land Sutras, see E. B. Crowell, Buddhist Mahayana Texts (1894, repr. 1969) and Alfred Bloom, Shinran's Gospel of Pure Grace (1965).
References in periodicals archive ?
Familiar to many persons because of the fast paced, pun-laden presentation on radio and television in the past decades, rakugo is shown in this text to be a traditional popular form with connections to Buddhist moral tales (setsuwa) and to sermons (Monto sekkyo) from the Pure Land traditions of Japanese Buddhism.
With perfect information and perfect risk markets a pure land tax may be useful for maximization of revenue and social welfare but not so in the case of imperfect information and markets.
or Pure Land Buddhism) One of many Buddhist sects in Japan.
rak's Second World War drama Barefoot , British-Pakistani short film director Sarmad Masud's My Pure Land and Indian director Dipesh Jain's drama, In the Shadows .
Asian Studies Professor Denis Hirota wrote in his book "Toward a Contemporary Understanding of Pure Land Buddhism," the pure land is a supreme goal that human beings aspire to.
With few or no pure land transactions it is harder to set site values.
Head of Journalists' Union,Elias Murad, stressed that martyrdom of the three journalists in Syria, and in Maloula in particular, represents a sentimental situation because they offered their pure blood on this pure land.
SO Gilsu, Director of Pure Land Buddhist Association, Seoul, Republic of Korea and other relevant officials.
Chapter one opens with a story of a 400-year-old Pure Land temple located in the heart of Kyoto.
This collection provides invaluable background to the complex and sometimes contradictory origins and teachings of Pure Land Buddhism.
Amida Buddha would then turn them into men for rebirth in the Pure Land.