Pure Land Buddhism

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Pure Land Buddhism

or

Amidism,

devotional sect of Mahayana BuddhismBuddhism
, religion and philosophy founded in India c.525 B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. There are over 300 million Buddhists worldwide. One of the great world religions, it is divided into two main schools: the Theravada or Hinayana in Sri Lanka and SE Asia, and
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 in China and Japan, centering on worship of the Buddha Amitabha. According to the Pure Land Sutras, composed in India in the 2d cent. A.D., Amitabha vowed to save all sentient beings by granting them rebirth in his realm, the "Western Paradise," a pure land endowed with miraculous characteristics ensuring its inhabitants easy entry into nirvananirvana
, in Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism, a state of supreme liberation and bliss, contrasted to samsara or bondage in the repeating cycle of death and rebirth.
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. Salvation could be attained by invoking the name of Amitabha with absolute faith in his grace and the efficacy of his vow. It was believed that Amitabha and his retinue would appear to the faithful at the time of death and convey them to his paradise. In both China and Japan the movement gained impetus from the idea of the "end of the Dharma," which divided the development of Buddhism into three ages: that of the true, the counterfeit, and the decaying dharma, that is, Buddhist teaching. Those living in the present final, degenerate age cannot attain enlightenment by the original means of self-effort, austerity, and superior knowledge and must rely entirely on faith. There were devotees of Amitabha in China as early as the end of the 3d cent. A.D.; the sect was officially founded in 402 by its first patriarch, Hui-Yuan. Later masters spread the faith among the masses, sometimes using evangelical methods, contrasting the torments of hell with the bliss of the "Western Paradise." In Japan, Pure Land Buddhism was established as a sect by Honen (1133–1212), who taught that even those who had mastered Buddhist philosophy "should behave themselves like simpleminded folk" and renounce all practices except the nembutsu, recitation of the formula Namu Amida Butsu [homage to Amitabha Buddha]. His disciple Shinran (1173–1262) carried Honen's teachings to their logical conclusion by abandoning monastic celibacy and marrying. Shinran held that reliance on one's own effort or on any practice other than the nembutsu would show lack of faith in Amitabha. He broke with Honen's followers on these issues and became the leader of the True Pure Land Sect, which grew to be the largest Buddhist sect in Japan. The numerous representations of Amitabha with his attendant bodhisattvas and the depictions of hell testify to the influence of Pure Land Buddhism on Chinese and Japanese Buddhist art. For translations of the Pure Land Sutras, see E. B. Crowell, Buddhist Mahayana Texts (1894, repr. 1969) and Alfred Bloom, Shinran's Gospel of Pure Grace (1965).
References in periodicals archive ?
The Pure Land Foundation and Bruno Wang are delighted to support a unique music and dance charity performance tonight, led and choreographed by Royal Ballet soloist Fernando Montano.
Cathy Hughes I've met the goat when I was a kid Marc Pugh May you be reborn in Buddhas pure land.
One of the masters from the Pure Land lineage ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) was the eminent Shandao ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) (613-681), who was also known as "The Great Master of Zhongnan", ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]),because he lived and preached Dharma at the Wuzhen-si monastery ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), on Zhongnan-shan.
With few or no pure land transactions it is harder to set site values.
Sheikh Mahmoud Akkam, Aleppo's Mufti affirmed the importance of the national reconciliations and love of Homeland, calling for intensifying the efforts to expel any foreigner from this pure land.
Jodo Shinshu, also known as Shin Buddhism, is a school of Pure Land Buddhism.
SO Gilsu of the Republican of South Korea, Director of Pure Land Buddhist Association and other relevant officials.
Carter avers that Tanabe's Philosophy as Metanoetics became his meditation on the founder of True Pure Land, Shinran's (1173-1263), concept of Other-power coupled with Tanabe's own sense of repentance for wrongs done (zange).
Wang Zhifa, Vice Director-general of the National Tourism Administration of China, stepped on the last piece of pure land on the blue planet along Rock's prints.
we are here to protect you, so please do not allow any person who does not belong to this pure land to attack us.
Bra'dune, once known as The Pure Land, has become ruptured, tainted, and transformed into the Eight Hells.
He called upon the intellectual elite to take the initiative and confront those who wanted to wipe out Bahrain's Arab and Gulf identity and desecrate its pure land.