Pure Land Buddhism


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Pure Land Buddhism

or

Amidism,

devotional sect of Mahayana BuddhismBuddhism
, religion and philosophy founded in India c.525 B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. There are over 300 million Buddhists worldwide. One of the great world religions, it is divided into two main schools: the Theravada or Hinayana in Sri Lanka and SE Asia, and
..... Click the link for more information.
 in China and Japan, centering on worship of the Buddha Amitabha. According to the Pure Land Sutras, composed in India in the 2d cent. A.D., Amitabha vowed to save all sentient beings by granting them rebirth in his realm, the "Western Paradise," a pure land endowed with miraculous characteristics ensuring its inhabitants easy entry into nirvananirvana
, in Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism, a state of supreme liberation and bliss, contrasted to samsara or bondage in the repeating cycle of death and rebirth.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Salvation could be attained by invoking the name of Amitabha with absolute faith in his grace and the efficacy of his vow. It was believed that Amitabha and his retinue would appear to the faithful at the time of death and convey them to his paradise. In both China and Japan the movement gained impetus from the idea of the "end of the Dharma," which divided the development of Buddhism into three ages: that of the true, the counterfeit, and the decaying dharma, that is, Buddhist teaching. Those living in the present final, degenerate age cannot attain enlightenment by the original means of self-effort, austerity, and superior knowledge and must rely entirely on faith. There were devotees of Amitabha in China as early as the end of the 3d cent. A.D.; the sect was officially founded in 402 by its first patriarch, Hui-Yuan. Later masters spread the faith among the masses, sometimes using evangelical methods, contrasting the torments of hell with the bliss of the "Western Paradise." In Japan, Pure Land Buddhism was established as a sect by Honen (1133–1212), who taught that even those who had mastered Buddhist philosophy "should behave themselves like simpleminded folk" and renounce all practices except the nembutsu, recitation of the formula Namu Amida Butsu [homage to Amitabha Buddha]. His disciple Shinran (1173–1262) carried Honen's teachings to their logical conclusion by abandoning monastic celibacy and marrying. Shinran held that reliance on one's own effort or on any practice other than the nembutsu would show lack of faith in Amitabha. He broke with Honen's followers on these issues and became the leader of the True Pure Land Sect, which grew to be the largest Buddhist sect in Japan. The numerous representations of Amitabha with his attendant bodhisattvas and the depictions of hell testify to the influence of Pure Land Buddhism on Chinese and Japanese Buddhist art. For translations of the Pure Land Sutras, see E. B. Crowell, Buddhist Mahayana Texts (1894, repr. 1969) and Alfred Bloom, Shinran's Gospel of Pure Grace (1965).
References in periodicals archive ?
Toward a Typology of Nien-fo: A Study in Methods of Buddha-Invocation in Chinese Pure Land Buddhism.
Asian Studies Professor Denis Hirota wrote in his book "Toward a Contemporary Understanding of Pure Land Buddhism," the pure land is a supreme goal that human beings aspire to.
Discussion centers on areas such as Pure Land Buddhism and the cult of Prince Shotoku, ideas and iconography from China to Japan, Prince Shotoku and Princess Tachibana, and afterlife beliefs and funerary practices.
Working though this global network, his aspiration is to develop across the world a greater knowledge and understanding of the central ideals and practice of Buddhism, and particularly Pure Land Buddhism, as derived from his many years of study into the rich traditional of ancient Chinese philosophy and spiritual texts.
However, since the predominant Japanese text with Buddhist themes that is cited throughout the film is the Hagakure, we might as easily say Ghost Dog has more to do with Pure Land Buddhism than Zen.
Indeed, the only substantiated clear influence of Pure Land Buddhism in Southeast Asia of which I am aware is in Vietnamese Buddhism.
however, so the question naturally arises whether interested candidates must endorse or "convert," one might say, to the BCA's Pure Land Buddhism.
This collection provides invaluable background to the complex and sometimes contradictory origins and teachings of Pure Land Buddhism.
At the same time, this study situates Japanese-Canadian IDPS in a transnational context, incorporating into the analysis their effort to retain Pure Land Buddhism (Jodo shinshu), which was then strongly tied with nationalism and the war effort of Imperial Japan.
During this period of persecution, the underground Christians' religion and practice gradually fused with Pure Land Buddhism, the process of which can be observed in both their verbal and visual culture.
Pure Land Buddhism, in particular, was founded by the accomplished Buddhist Huiyuan on its northwest slope.
In Japan, Harold Stewart was highly regarded for his scholarly knowledge of Chinese and Japanese classical culture, and also of Pure Land Buddhism.