While Calvinism was clearly the most significant theological force behind the Puritan revolution
in England, it was a Calvinism confronted by a variety of other religious forces: Roman Catholic and Anglican, Arminian and Antinomian, and Anabaptist and Quaker.
The Civil War of the 1640s was not a Puritan revolution
, nor did the Puritans have the kind of dominance that Phillips attributes to them.
88) And Franco Moretti boldly links Shakespeare's role-playing kings to the mid-seventeenth-century Puritan revolution
, saying that tragedies and history plays "[h]aving deconsecrated the king," it became "possible to decapitate him.
Challenging Christopher Hill's detection of atheism in the Puritan revolution
, he suggests that what is really taking place in its more radical elements is the substitution of an alternative conception of the divine; for instance, in Clarkson monism as a means of dealing with his guilt about sexual sin, in Walwyn inner experience as an egalitarian challenge to the authoritarianism of Scripture.
Sources: Firth, Sir Charles, Oliver Cromwell and the Puritan Revolution
The resistance of dissident preachers and pamphleteers to these proceedings took the form of the defense that "no man is bound to accuse himself," and received its most articulate exposition from the Levellers, whose ideas furnished the intellectual bulwark of the Puritan Revolution
Inevitably, however, they quarreled over the relative importance of their contributions, and, with the dissolution of their partnership and, ultimately, the success of the Puritan Revolution
, the masque disappeared from England.
After all, Reformed Protestantism was supposed to have been discredited by the Civil Wars and Interregnum, by the Puritan Revolution
, and while the Reformed faith might survive among some of the Dissenting churchmen, the Reformed divinity and its adherents were supposed to have been purged from the restored episcopalian church by the Act of Uniformity in 1662.
The Quaker movement grew out of the Puritan revolution
of the 1650s with its suspicion of enjoyment, laughter and natural behaviour.
As Milton's career evolved in its middle phase from poetry to pamphleteering in support of the Puritan revolution
, he shifted ground radically, enthusiastically embracing the dynamic model, applying it not to commodities but to the open marketplace of ideas.
The bloody civil war and the regicide that arose out of the seventeenth-century breakdown in communication is reason enough for thinking people of all disciplines and all philosophical stripes in our era to learn the lessons of the Puritan revolution
, and Puritanism and Its Discontents has much to offer toward that end.
The author argues against the claim that Milton believed himself to be directly inspired by the Holy Spirit when composing Paradise Lost, a claim that enables Milton to be associated with the radicals of the Puritan Revolution