Pylos


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Pylos

(pī`lŏs), ancient harbor, Messenia, SW Greece, on a bay of the Ionian Sea. Excavations have revealed a great Mycenaean palace of the 13th cent. B.C., perhaps the dwelling of King NestorNestor
, in Greek mythology, wise king of Pylos; son of Neleus and father of Antilochus. In the Iliad, Nestor went with the Greeks to the Trojan War, and although he had lived three generations he was still a vigorous warrior and a respected adviser.
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. Six hundred clay tablets were found there which were important in the decipherment of the late Minoan script (see Mycenaean civilizationMycenaean civilization
, an ancient Aegean civilization known from the excavations at Mycenae and other sites. They were first undertaken by Heinrich Schliemann and others after 1876, and they helped to revise the early history of Greece. Divided into Early Helladic (c.
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). The modern town of Pílos, formerly known as Navarino, grew up on the south shore of the bay. The Bay of Pylos was the scene of an Athenian naval victory over Sparta in 425 B.C. and of the battle of Navarino (1827) during the Greek War of Independence.

Pylos

 

an ancient Greek city on the coast of Messenia in the Peloponnesus; present-day site on Mount Aigalion, 17 km north of the modern city of Pylos. The settlement dates back to the late third or early second millennium B.C. From the 16th to the 13th century B.C., Pylos was the residence of local Achaean rulers.

A joint Greek and American archaeological expedition led by K. Kourouniotis and C. Blegen in 1939 and again from 1952 exposed the remains of a vast palace complex in Pylos. The palace was erected in the 13th century B.C. and was destroyed by fire circa 1200 B.C. About 40 rooms were discovered, including residences, stores, and apartments of state laid out in the characteristic megaron plan. The walls of some of the rooms were lavishly decorated with frescoes. Of particular interest among the many finds (pottery, tools, ornaments made of precious metals and bronze) are the more than 600 clay tablets inscribed in linear script. Below the fortified acropolis are the remains of the city. Nearby are located the royal tholos tombs and the necropolis for the city’s inhabitants.

REFERENCE

Blavatskaia, T. V. Akheiskaia Gretsia vo vtorom tysiacheletii do novoiery. Moscow, 1966. Pages 121–46.

Pylos

a port in SW Greece, in the SW Peloponnese; scene of a defeat of the Spartans by the Athenians (425 bc) during the Peloponnesian War and of the Battle of Navarino (see Navarino)
References in periodicals archive ?
The full magnitude of Athenian accomplishments during the Pylos campaign is evident in Spartan actions after the capture of their hoplites on Sphacteria.
Not for me, getting stuck with the community needle, passed from arm to arm, in some effort to protect the citizens of Pylos from Holera
B) Area of Pylos, (Municipality of Pylos), covering a total area of approximately 362 acres:
While a historian providing a citation to Thucydides's account of the Battle of Pylos may now proffer a website instead of a book, the account itself remains largely unchanged.
Both senses of the name are relevant in this second edition of a work reporting on the archaeological investigations of the Pylos Regional Archaeological Project and also incorporating findings of natural scientists, historians, and art historians in an effort to understand the evolution of the entire region in reference to the cultural and environmental forces that have influenced the political, economic, and social organizations of those who lived there.
Furthermore, the list contains Greek mortals, such as Agamemnon, leader of the Achaeans (Greeks) at Troy, and Nestor, aged king of Pylos and wise counselor.
The first four books, often referred to as the Telemakhia, open in the twentieth year of Odysseus's absence and establish the epic's overarching quest motif through Telemakhos, whom the goddess Athena sends to Pylos and Sparta.
A national roaming trial is to be introduced on the islands of Cephallonia and Ithaki and Kalamata, including the Messinian Bay and Pylos, by mobile operator Vodafone Greece and TIM Hellas, a telecomms company.
Here the main attraction was the huge Venetian fort and nearby Pylos (yet another very attractive and lively coastal town) and its nature reserve.
lt;<The Pylos Regional Archaeological Project, Part 1: Overview and the Archaeological Survey>>, Hesperia 66, 1997, p.
The NOA GPS poles were constructed at the NESTOR workshop in Pylos.
The Pylos Regional Archaeological Project, Part I: Overview and the Archaeological Survey," Hesperia 66, pp.