Thule

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Thule

(tho͞o`lē), name given by the ancients to the most northerly land of Europe. It was an island discovered and described (c.310 B.C.) by the Greek navigator PytheasPytheas
, Greek mariner and geographer, fl. late 4th cent. B.C. A native of the Greek colony of Massilia (modern Marseilles), he explored the Atlantic coasts of Spain and France, circumnavigated Britain, and sailed to Thule (perhaps the Shetlands or Iceland) and to the Baltic.
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 and variously identified with Iceland, Norway, and the Shetland Islands. The phrase "Ultima Thule" is used figuratively to denote the most distant goal of human endeavor or a land remote beyond all reckoning.

Thule

(tho͞o`lē, to͞o`–) or

Qaanaaq

(känäk`), town (1995 pop. 627), N Greenland, on the north side of Inglefield Gulf. The name of Thule was originally attached to the main settlement for the Thule Eskimos, founded in 1910 by the arctic explorer Knud RasmussenRasmussen, Knud Johan Victor
, 1879–1933, Danish arctic explorer and ethnologist. Born in Greenland of Eskimo ancestry on his mother's side, he began (1902) 30 years of exploration and of study of the Eskimo.
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 as a trading post on the south side of Wolstenholme Fjord at the site of the present-day Thule Air Base. Built during World War II, the base was greatly expanded after 1951 during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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. The Thule Eskimos were forced to move the settlement of Thule (as well as the name) c.62 mi (100 km) to Qaanaaq. The site of Thule Air Base is officially named Pituffik. Pituffik is also a base for Danish and U.S. scientific operations on the ice sheet and serves as the airport for Greenland NW of Cape York.

Thule

 

according to Hellenistic and Roman geographers dating back to Pytheas of Massilia (as mentioned in Strabo’s Geography, I, 4, 2), an island located six days’ voyage by boat north of Britain, near the arctic circle; the northernmost inhabited land. According to one theory, Thule was the northwest section of Norway, in the region of Trondheimsfjorden.

REFERENCES

El’nitskii, L. A. Znanüa drevnikh o severnykh stranakh. Moscow, 1961.
Magidovich, I. P., and V. I. Magidovich. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Evropy. Moscow, 1970.

Thule

 

a settlement on the northeastern shore of Baffin Bay, in Greenland. Population, more than 300 (1972; primarily Eskimo). Thule, founded in 1910 as a fur trading post, has seal-trapping and the hunting of arctic foxes. A large US Air Force base is located nearby.

Thule

1. a region believed by ancient geographers to be the northernmost land in the inhabited world: sometimes thought to have been Iceland, Norway, or one of the Shetland Islands
2. an Inuit settlement in NW Greenland: a Danish trading post, founded in 1910, and US air force base
References in periodicals archive ?
The 116 villagers eventually resettled to Qaanaaq - where a painting of Mount Dundas still hangs in a municipal meeting room of the settlement.
127) The Inughuit--comprised of no more than 800 people today--remain concentrated in northwestern Greenland; Qaanaaq is the largest settlement.
The inhabitants of Qaanaaq have reportedly taken the decision calmly.
The difference between the languages spoken in Qaanaaq and in West Greenland and the Thule Tribe's perception of itself as a distinct indigenous people cannot lead to any other conclusion.
The building of the runway in Qaanaaq was recently criticised in the Danish media.
The Danish Courts also took note that the Inughuit had been relocated to Qaanaaq, where houses and supplies were provided to them.
The Contractor shall load and deliver from the Qaanaaq peer to the infrasound array elements the parts of the new pipe arrays and gravel.
The inhabitants of Qaanaaq, Greenland are against including the Thule Air Base, operated by US forces, in the planned US missile defence system.
It is not yet certain that the runway in Qaanaaq can even be used, as the runway at the air base would be needed as a backup in case of bad weather, but so far, there has not been any reply to the 15 requests to the USA on the issue.
After hanging over the cliffs and blinding ice cap in spring sunshine in helicopter bubbles onward from the base to Qaanaaq, the northernmost municipality in the world, we were met and escorted into `town' by the mayor, in polar-bear-skin pants, and most of the local children.