Thule

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Thule

(tho͞o`lē), name given by the ancients to the most northerly land of Europe. It was an island discovered and described (c.310 B.C.) by the Greek navigator PytheasPytheas
, Greek mariner and geographer, fl. late 4th cent. B.C. A native of the Greek colony of Massilia (modern Marseilles), he explored the Atlantic coasts of Spain and France, circumnavigated Britain, and sailed to Thule (perhaps the Shetlands or Iceland) and to the Baltic.
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 and variously identified with Iceland, Norway, and the Shetland Islands. The phrase "Ultima Thule" is used figuratively to denote the most distant goal of human endeavor or a land remote beyond all reckoning.

Thule

(tho͞o`lē, to͞o`–) or

Qaanaaq

(känäk`), town (1995 pop. 627), N Greenland, on the north side of Inglefield Gulf. The name of Thule was originally attached to the main settlement for the Thule Eskimos, founded in 1910 by the arctic explorer Knud RasmussenRasmussen, Knud Johan Victor
, 1879–1933, Danish arctic explorer and ethnologist. Born in Greenland of Eskimo ancestry on his mother's side, he began (1902) 30 years of exploration and of study of the Eskimo.
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 as a trading post on the south side of Wolstenholme Fjord at the site of the present-day Thule Air Base. Built during World War II, the base was greatly expanded after 1951 during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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. The Thule Eskimos were forced to move the settlement of Thule (as well as the name) c.62 mi (100 km) to Qaanaaq. The site of Thule Air Base is officially named Pituffik. Pituffik is also a base for Danish and U.S. scientific operations on the ice sheet and serves as the airport for Greenland NW of Cape York.

Thule

 

according to Hellenistic and Roman geographers dating back to Pytheas of Massilia (as mentioned in Strabo’s Geography, I, 4, 2), an island located six days’ voyage by boat north of Britain, near the arctic circle; the northernmost inhabited land. According to one theory, Thule was the northwest section of Norway, in the region of Trondheimsfjorden.

REFERENCES

El’nitskii, L. A. Znanüa drevnikh o severnykh stranakh. Moscow, 1961.
Magidovich, I. P., and V. I. Magidovich. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Evropy. Moscow, 1970.

Thule

 

a settlement on the northeastern shore of Baffin Bay, in Greenland. Population, more than 300 (1972; primarily Eskimo). Thule, founded in 1910 as a fur trading post, has seal-trapping and the hunting of arctic foxes. A large US Air Force base is located nearby.

Thule

1. a region believed by ancient geographers to be the northernmost land in the inhabited world: sometimes thought to have been Iceland, Norway, or one of the Shetland Islands
2. an Inuit settlement in NW Greenland: a Danish trading post, founded in 1910, and US air force base
References in periodicals archive ?
It has been estimated that the Paamiut airport will be more expensive than the one in Qaanaaq, but in comparison, it will have an 800-metre tarmac runway and a air traffic control tower.
The airport in Qaanaaq has an 899-metre runway and is situated 150km north of the Thule Air Base, but Jyllands-Posten, a Danish newspaper, doubts whether it will be used and if anyone will be able to afford the air fares.
The opening of the airport is scheduled for September, but as Gronlandsfly, a Greenlandic carrier, recently raised the fares by 73% to DKK18,000 for a return trip between Qaanaaq and Nuuk, none of the people in Qaanaaq expect to be able to afford it, reported the newspaper.
According to the municipality director Ole Ahrenkiel, the people of Qaanaaq expected the airport to become a link to the outside world and an option for more tourists to reach the area.
At Qaanaaq boats lay on the snow-covered shore, the sea mammals being hunted by dog sled in winter.
In Qaanaaq we had long hearing-style meetings and got the story of the sudden 1953 forced relocation of people.
Nevertheless, despite comfortable little modern houses, Danish pastries, and modern rifles, the Qaanaaq lifestyle remains traditional.