Qadi

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Qadi

 

(Arabic, “judge”; in Persian and Turkish, qazi). In Muslim countries, a judge whose decisions are based on Islamic law (Sharia). In the Middle Ages the qadi was also a notary and cared for orphans or assigned them to guardians; he also saw to the execution of sentence in civil and criminal cases. In the 19thand early 20th century, with the development of the new civil courts, the qadi’s function was limited to the deciding of questions involving family and religious law, and occasionally inheritance. In several Muslim countries (for example, Egypt, Tunisia, and Turkey) the office of qadi was eliminated when Sharia courts were abolished (in Turkey, in the 1930’s; and in Egypt and Tunisia, in the 1950’s).

References in periodicals archive ?
The almost total absence of qadi court records for the pre-Ottoman period makes it difficult to locate judicial procedures in qadi courts on the spectrum between adversarial and inquisitorial.
bar]n) for determining the level of marital maintenance (nafaqa zawjiyya), Qadi Ahmad N[a.
bar]f as a report provided to the court by an informant in maintenance cases, it seems that the Egyptian 1931 Law was the source of inspiration for the Jordanian law, for the Sudanese legislation and judicial practice, and for Qadi N[a.
bar]) who is sent by the qadi together with the witnesses to the defendant's house in the event the latter is unable to attend the court.
bar] sources mention that a qadi may be assisted by informants who report to him about the husband's economic situation in cases in which the plaintiff-wife claims that her husband is a man of means yet fails to support her claim by evidence.
bar]r, demands from the guardian or the qadi to receive copies of the transactions concluded by the guardian and to inspect the mahj[u.
Clarification of a situation or an investigation conducted by the qadi.
One finding of our author was that qadis, particularly those in Cairo, as distinguished from the more conservative qadis of the countryside, did not fail in implementing the reform.
Perhaps in this context, that of a man promising a large sum of maintenance for his wife and later asking the qadi to reduce it, the translation should be "excessive" or "inequality of customary equivalents.
This first part of the document under review is an instructive example of the encounter which took place in the shari a court between custom, represented by a marriage contract concluded according to Bedouin tradition, and the shari a in its Hanafi version, represented by the qadi.
The official supplied her with a letter asking the shar i qadi of Nahl to accept her request and not to compel her to marry someone she did not love.
The qadi should deny the validity of an irregular or a void contract retroactively (faskh) or dissolve the marriage (tafriq) relying on his own authority, an act which has the practical implication of divorce.