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see KarmathiansKarmathians
or Carmathians
, a Muslim sect of the 9th and 10th cent., similar to the Assassin sect. They were part of a movement for social reform that spread widely through Islam from the 9th to the 12th cent.
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subset]]wa brought on by the future al-Mahdi's announcement in 286/899 of his intent to proclaim his imamate publicly, and of the subsequent splintering of the Ismailis into opposi ng groups, Qarmatians and Fatimids.
Called by some the "Bolsheviks of Islam," the Qarmatians advocated community of wives and property, and organized workers and artisans into guilds.
The observer described the Black Stone of the Ka bah, which the Qarmatians removed in 317/929, providing a terminus ante quem for the visit (Shaft, 422).
Most disturbing about its reappearance in this form is not the highly improbable attribution to Abdan and the early Qarmatians - after all, there are indications that a number of Abdan's followers wrote books in a period subsequent to his murder in 286 and ascribed them to his authorship.