Kizilbash

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Kizilbash

 

(Turkish for “redheads,” after the hats with 12 scarlet stripes in honor of the 12 Shiite imams, worn by members), Turkish tribal alliance of Azerbaijanian nomads in Asia Minor and Azerbaijan.

The Kizilbashi received their name in the second half of the 15th century. They were the chief military bastion of the Shiite order of Safawi. Along with the Safawid sheikhs, they led attacks on neighboring non-Muslim countries, including Georgia and the Trebizond empire. Taking advantage of the weakening of the Ak-Koyunlu state, the Kizilbashi destroyed the state at the start of the 16th century. Their military leader, Ismail Safawid (Ismail I), was proclaimed shah in 1502. This date marks the founding of the Safawid state. In this state, the Kizilbashi aristocracy occupied the predominant positions until the end of the 16th century. The main officials at court, the viceroys of regions, and military commanders came from its ranks; in its hands was concentrated an enormous land fund. The political importance of the Kizilbashi and their military units declined sharply after the military reform of Shah Abbas I in the late 16th century, when the regular army was created. In Russian official documents of the 16th and 17th centuries, all subjects of the Safawid state were called Kizilbashi.

References in periodicals archive ?
They include Chndy (Mohammad Al Kindi), who is from Oman, Iraqi-Canadian artist Cheb Moha, Kuwait-born Palestinian Dina Khorchid, American artist and art educator Flounder Lee, Saba Qizilbash from Pakistan, and Emirati artists Amna Al Dabbagh, Farah Al Qasimi, Nasir Nasrallah, Salem Al Mansoori and Shaikha Al Ketbi.
ISLAMABAD -- The 20th death anniversary of leading actor of the Pakistani cinema Agha Ali Abbas Qizilbash also known as Agha Talish was observed on Monday (Today).
Fahad Bhatti, a Dubai-based Pakistani photographer, and Saba Qizilbash, Pakistani artist and art educator at the American University of Dubai, were the judges.
Afghan Shias are predominantly the Twelvers, with a minority practicing Ismailite version of Shiism, and mostly belong to the Hazara and Qizilbash ethnic groups.
He also visited the shrine of Bibi Pakdaman, where Agha Shah Hussain Qizilbash welcomed him, while jiyalas showered rose petals on him and raised slogans of Jiay Bhutto.
His forces included Turkomans, Qizilbash, Afghans and Georgian Christians.
Lewington S, Clarke R, Qizilbash N, Peto R, Collins R; Prospective Studies Collaboration.
In many ways, the IRGC tends to act like the Safawi Qizilbash (see sbme5SafawismNov25-13).
Qizilbash, Mozaffar (2001): "Corruption and Human Development: A Conceptual Discussion".
Fateh Ali Qizilbash, a loyal landed magnate, suggested membership of five Muslims for the council out of which two should be elected and three nominated.