Mount Everest

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Everest, Mount,

peak, 29,029 ft (8,848 m) high (as officially recognized by China and Nepal; rock height only, 29,016 ft/8,844 m), on the border of Tibet and Nepal, in the central Himalayas. It is the highest elevation in the world. In 1999 American climbers using GPS measured the Everest's total height at 29,035 ft (8,850 m), but that measurement has not been accepted by Nepal or China. Called Chomolungma or Qomolangma [Mother Goddess of the Land] by Tibetans and Sagarmatha [head of the sea] by Nepalis, it is named in English for the surveyor Sir George EverestEverest, Sir George
, 1790–1866, British surveyor, b. Breconshire, Wales. He worked on the trigonometrical survey of India from 1806 to 1843. He became superintendent of the survey in 1823 and surveyor general of India in 1830; Mt. Everest is named for him. He was knighted in 1861.
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. It was first climbed on May 28, 1953, when Sir Edmund HillaryHillary, Sir Edmund Percival,
1919–2008, New Zealand mountain climber and explorer. He went on many mountain-climbing expeditions before 1953, when he and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal were the first people to reach the summit of Mt. Everest.
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 and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal reached the summit. The body of George H. L. MalloryMallory, George Herbert Leigh
, 1886–1924, English mountain climber. After some spectacular ascents in the Alps, he participated in the Everest expeditions of 1921, 1922, and 1924.
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, who died in an earlier attempt (1924), was found on the mountain in 1999.


See S. B. Ortner, Life and Death on Mt. Everest (1999); W. Davis, Into the Silence: The Great War, Mallory, and the Conquest of Everest (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
The China Tibetology Centre added: "It is time for the Western world to respect us Tibetans by recognising the highest peak on earth by its Tibetan name Qomolangma.
And Qomolangma is such a lovely name - it means God's mother of the mountain snows.
Qomolangma from Nepali side as the season ended Saturday without a repeat of last week's deadly accidents, which had raised fears of overcrowding on the world's highest peak.
CHINA yesterday demanded that the name of the world's highest mountain be changed from Everest to Mount Qomolangma.
The 52-year-old, who started to climb the mountains as a porter, holds the record as the only man in the world to ascend the Everest - locally known as Mount Qomolangma - 21 times, English.
I also know there's a big campaign in Nepal and Tibet to use the Tibetan name Qomolangma,instead of Mount Everest.
Qomolangma probably does not mean very much to you, and no I haven't just pounded randomly at my keyboard to produce it.
The Brahmaputra Grand Canyon was appointed in 2007, along with Potala Palace and Mount Qomolangma, as a world-class tourist site in Tibet autonomous region.
Qomolangma Base Camp in the south side of Nepal, has been won by a Nepali home runner.
Qomolangma, the Nepali name for Everest, on May 16.