Christina

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Christina

(krĭstē`nə), 1626–89, queen of Sweden (1632–54), daughter and successor of Gustavus II. From her father's death (1632) until 1644 she was under a regency headed by Chancellor Axel OxenstiernaOxenstierna, Count Axel Gustafsson
, 1583–1654, Swedish statesman. Named chancellor in 1612, he was the actual administrator of Sweden because Gustavus II was continually occupied with foreign campaigns.
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. Her early devotion to state affairs soon gave place to other interests, especially a zeal for learning. She attracted many foreign artists and scholars—including Descartes—to her court. Music and literature, especially the poetry of Jorge Stiernhielm (1598–1672), were encouraged. On her favorites she lavished titles, lands, and money, and by the end of her reign half of the crown lands had been given away. Her distaste for marriage caused her to designate her cousin Charles (later Charles X) as her successor. Weary of her duties and the growing antagonism of the nobles, and attracted to Catholicism, Christina abdicated in 1654. She left Sweden attired as a man, was received into the Catholic Church at Innsbruck in 1655, and settled at Rome. Her eccentricity and financial incompetence kept her affairs in continual disorder. On the death (1660) of Charles X, Christina returned to Sweden; she hoped to regain her throne but failed. She again went to Sweden in 1667 but was refused entrance into Stockholm because of her religion. She died in Rome and was buried at St. Peter's.

Bibliography

See biographies by M. L. Goldsmith (1933), A. Neumann (tr. 1935), S. Stolpc (1960, tr. 1966), C. H. J. Weibull (1960, tr. 1966), G. Masson (1968), and V. Buckley (2004).

Christina

1626--89, queen of Sweden (1632--54), daughter of Gustavus Adolphus, noted particularly for her patronage of literature
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike many historians of art, Hammond places these works within the context of the politics of the time: the Thirty Years War, the rise of the Hapsburg dynasty, the trial of Galileo, who had been a protege of Urban's, and the reception of Queen Christina of Sweden, who gave up her throne to convert to Catholicism.
Told through the voice of Christine's ex-partner, it relates how, in attempting to reconstruct her identity, she became fixated on an archive of family photographs and on the historical character Queen Christina of Sweden.
He became Lord High Chancellor of Sweden from 1612 until his death and was the confidant of King Gustav II Adolph and later of Queen Christina.
Ebert claims that missionary Jacques Viogue poisoned Descartes with arsenic hidden in a communion wafer in 1650, because he believed the philosopher might stop Swedish Queen Christina from converting to Catholicism.
20, Silverstone the tortoise is slowly nibbling his way through 100,000 pounds left by English bookshop queen Christina Foyle.
2 LEGEND, STOFT OCH VERKLIGHET (LEGEND, DUST AND REALITY) In this 1965 television documentary, we see men in white coats chiseling open the sepulchre of the seventeenth-century Queen Christina of Sweden in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome.
Najmajer's poems explore a homosexual identity through historical models, using Sappho and Queen Christina of Sweden, who is the subject of Najmajer's narrative poem Grafin Ebba (1877).
But Queen Village (named for Queen Christina of Sweden) is gay-popular.
The other, more consequential dispute involved Queen Christina, a star vehicle for Greta Garbo directed by the Russian-born master Rouben Mamoulian and produced by Waher Wanger.
Godiwala also points out that despite her feminist political commitment, Gems is the only woman dramatist to have been produced by the Royal Shakespeare Company five times: Queen Christina (1977), The Danton Affair (1986) and The Blue Angel (1991); Camille and Piaf and then Marlene on London's West End in 1997.
While Cowboys and Coffin Makers covers the day-to-day lives of everyday people, Kids Who Rule: The Remarkable Lives of Five Child Monarchs details the ups and downs of the lives of boy-kings, girl-queens and baby-emperors such as Mary Queen of Scots, the Dalai Lama of Tibet and Queen Christina of Sweden.
Queen Christina of Sweden had a tiny cannon she fired at fleas.