holm oak

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holm oak

an evergreen Mediterranean oak tree, Quercus ilex, widely planted for ornament: the leaves are holly-like when young but become smooth-edged with age

Holm Oak


(Quercus ilex), an evergreen tree of the family Fagaceae. It grows to 25 m and has a smooth bark. The leaves are elliptical, leathery, shiny, tomentose beneath, and entire or serrate. The acorns are 2 to 3.5 cm long.

The tree is native to the Mediterranean region, where it isfound both in mixed groves and separate stands. In the USSRit is cultivated in the southern Crimea and in the Caucasus alongthe Black Sea coast (south of Sochi), where it bears abundantfruit every year. The holm oak is ornamental and grows rapidly, attaining a height of 22– m in 40–45 years. It is droughtresistant, does not require good soil, and can withstand shorttemperature drops to as low as — 20°C. The wood is very hardand durable, with a density of 1.14 g per cu cm, and has a browncore. It is valuable for building underwater structures, and thewood of the roots is used in woodworking. The bark contains upto 7.25 percent of tannins. The holm oak is also suitable forlandscaping and forestation.


References in periodicals archive ?
Variability in seeding water status during drought within a Quercus ilex subs.
Vertebrate predation on holm oak, Quercus ilex, acorns in a fragmented habitat: Effects on seedling recruitment.
A) SCLEROPHYLL EVERGREEN WOODLANDS Quercus ilex Italian peninsula (Pavari, 1933; Giacobbe 1939; Biondi, 1972, 1982; Anzalone & al.
Esto no implica que la ilex definida como italiana no exista en provincias; de hecho, la clasificacion actual recoge, dentro de la Quercus ilex hispana, dos subespecies, la ilex propiamente dicha, que es muy comun en la mitad norte de Espana, y la rotundifolia, que es mas propia de la mitad sur peninsular, segun Ruiz de la Torre, 1979: 263-265.
Biogeography, ecology and history of Mediterranean Quercus ilex ecosystems.
DUBROVNIK-NERETVA COUNTY: Zamaslina, Pelsejac peninsula, 33TYH231456, 20 m, limestone, Quercus ilex, Pistacia terebinthus, Arbutus unedo, Erica arborea, Juniperusphoenicea, 31-III-2010, A.
Furthermore there is also woody vegetation composed of Pinus halepensis and Quercus ilex which are mixed with a matrix of Mediterranean maquis dominated by Pistacia lentiscus, Myrtus communis, Phillyrea latifolia and Quercus calliprinos.
This area is characterised by the 'montado' land use system, which is an open Quercus suber and/or Quercus ilex forest stand, under which other economic activities such as grazing and dryland cereal farming take place.
La observacion de la Tabla 5 muestra que dentro de este grupo de lauredales interiores calcicolas existen algunas diferencias floristicas de evidente sentido biogeografico, lo que nos lleva a proponer dos variantes en su seno: una tipica, de distribucion ovetense y caracterizada por la presencia de taxones como Carduus argemone, Crepis albida, Genista occidentalis, Ligustrum vulgare, Quercus ilex, Rhamnus alaternus o Rosa sempervirens, y otra occidental (variante de Viola riviniana) en la que estan ausentes dichas especies y son frecuentes otras como Crataegus monogyna, Viola riviniana, Quercus robur, Castanea sativa, etc.
causantes de prodedumbre radical de Quercus ilex ssp.
Synecology and structure: woodland with evergreen sclerophylous species dominated by Quercus ilex, with a good covering of Erica arborea.