RNA


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

RNA:

see nucleic acidnucleic acid,
any of a group of organic substances found in the chromosomes of living cells and viruses that play a central role in the storage and replication of hereditary information and in the expression of this information through protein synthesis.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

RNA

(biochemistry)

RNA

Biochem ribonucleic acid; any of a group of nucleic acids, present in all living cells, that play an essential role in the synthesis of proteins. On hydrolysis they yield the pentose sugar ribose, the purine bases adenine and guanine, the pyrimidine bases cytosine and uracil, and phosphoric acid
References in periodicals archive ?
But how did the transfer RNA manage to take up its positions to form the proper proteins?
In the beginning, the driving force behind RNAs was the preservation of specific timber types--a Douglas-fir RNA or a ponderosa-pine RNA, for example.
The work of Kornberg's team culminated in 2001 with two publications, one showing inactive RNA polymerase and the other capturing the machinery during the transcription process.
Of the seropositive children, only 11% had HCV RNA detectable by RT-PCR.
Allele-specific silencing of a pathogenic mutant acetylcholine receptor subunit by RNA interference.
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL VALUE OF RNA INTERFERENCE MARKET BY MARKET SEGMENT, 2006-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
If we stay within the infectious diseases (ID) context for the moment, there can also be benefits to choosing RNA as our target material even in living, DNA-based organisms.
It seems likely, however, that simple RNA molecules on the primordial Earth would have consisted of mixes of both right- and left-handed forms.
Although RNA is easily and successfully isolated from most cells and tissues, intact RNA extraction from the pancreas is difficult due to the high level of its ribonucleases (RNases).
What hi and her colleagues discovered is quite common, RNA molecules contained misspellings at more than 20,000 different places in the genome, with about 10,000 different misspellings occurring in two or more of the people studied.
This article will review some of the newer concepts driving RNA out of the role of "messenger only" and into a role as a diagnostic and therapeutic agent.