RNA

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RNA:

see nucleic acidnucleic acid,
any of a group of organic substances found in the chromosomes of living cells and viruses that play a central role in the storage and replication of hereditary information and in the expression of this information through protein synthesis.
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RNA

(biochemistry)

RNA

Biochem ribonucleic acid; any of a group of nucleic acids, present in all living cells, that play an essential role in the synthesis of proteins. On hydrolysis they yield the pentose sugar ribose, the purine bases adenine and guanine, the pyrimidine bases cytosine and uracil, and phosphoric acid
References in periodicals archive ?
The UCI and Dutch researchers examined one group of RNA viruses, called picornaviruses, using biochemical purification methods and confocal microscopy to see how they co-opt the functions of a cellular DNA repair enzyme called TDP2 to advance their replication process.
To unravel the mystery of motif D's function, Boehr and his colleagues studied a strain of the poliovirus-an RNA virus that is similar to many other RNA viruses that affect humans.
In preliminary studies that used referential RNA viruses, we attempted to determine the nucleic acid sequences of SARS coronavirus, mouse hepatitis virus, West Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, and dengue virus type 2 in culture supernatants (10-100 [micro]L) by using the RDV method.
Schrag agrees that RNA viruses are a serious threat.
have been reported to be infected by a variety of different RNA viruses, such as Chandipura (10), Saboya (11), Tete, and 2 unclassified viruses (ArD 95737 and ArD 111740).
Evolutionary aspects of recombination in RNA viruses.
Coronaviruses are large, enveloped, positive-stranded RNA viruses (1).
Introductory chapters describe where viruses fit into the world of microorganisms, explore the unique properties of DNA and RNA viruses, and show how new antiviral drugs are discovered and developed into useful medicines.
Type 1 interferon induction pathway, but not released interferon, participates in the maturation of dendritic cells induced by negative-strand RNA viruses.
depict the special problems presented to the host by certain RNA viruses that are maintained and persist in human populations through avoidance or inhibition of apoptosis, innate immune response, and adaptive immune response.
Sequences of flavivirus-related RNA viruses persist in DNA form integrated in the genome of Aedes mosquitoes.