Akiba ben Joseph

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Akiba ben Joseph

(əkē`bə), c.A.D. 50–c.A.D. 135, Jewish Palestinian religious leader, one of the founders of rabbinic Judaism. Although the facts of his life are obscured by legend, he is said to have been a poor and illiterate shepherd who began his rabbinic studies at the age of forty. Tradition views him as one of the first Jewish scholars to systematically compile Hebrew oral laws, the MishnaMishna
, in Judaism, codified collection of Oral Law—legal interpretations of portions of the biblical books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy and other legal material. Together with the Gemara, or Amoraic commentary on the Mishna, it comprises the Talmud.
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. He is believed to have been executed by the Romans in the aftermath of the messianic revolt of Bar KokbaBar Kokba, Simon,
or Simon Bar Cochba
[Heb.,=son of the star], d. A.D. 135, Hebrew hero and leader of a major revolt against Rome under Hadrian (132–135). He may have claimed to be a Messiah; the Talmud relates that Akiba ben Joseph credited him with this title.
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 (A.D. 132–135), though the extent of his participation is a matter of controversy. He is one of the martyrs mentioned in the Jewish penitential prayer.

Bibliography

See study by L. Finkelstein (1936, repr. 1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
It is somehow more encouraging, less frightening, to think in this way, than imaging myself on Mount Sinai with God, Moses, and Rabbi Akiba.
Rabbi Akiba entered in peace, and he went out in peace.
Rabbi Akiba is consistently listed among the martyrs of Hadrian's persecution.
Rabbi Akiba is one of the greatest and most admired of the Talmudic Rabbis.
A FAMOUS STORY IN THE TALMUD DESCRIBES A VISIT BY Moses to the classroom of Rabbi Akiba (second century C.
Among the Tannaim, the generations of rabbinic teachers whose work is recorded in the Mishnah, Rabbi Akiba is generally considered the towering personality.
In portraying the Jewish victims of 1096 as pure and chaste in doing the commandments of God and in death-exacting themes from the Bible and rabbinic literature, namely, Abraham and the Akedah, Daniel in the den, Hannah and her seven children, Rabbi Akiba and his associates, the narrators eclipse biblical monotheism ("choose life") and revise rabbinic law ("be killed and kill not").
so that he is ready to enter the heavenly camp with the righteous--with Rabbi Akiba and his companions, the pillars of the universe, who were killed for His Name's sake.
Rose's hero is Rabbi Akiba, at once a political activist and a mystic, as well as the greatest exponent of Jewish law in rabbinic times.
Only Rabbi Akiba, it would seem, was able to combine self-limiting mysticism with innovative approaches to the Oral Law and with supple politics of negotiation, opposition and, ultimately, revolt.
One may, writes Gordis, accept the opinion of Rabbi Akiba that the Golden Rule of Judaism is the great principle, kelal gadol, the fundamental commandment, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself;" or one may prefer the statement of Ben Azzai, that the foundational principle of Judaism is the passage in Genesis (5:1): "This is the book of the generations of Adam.