Raciology

Raciology

 

a division of anthropology that studies the races of man.

Drawing on the data of morphology, physiology, genetics, and molecular biology, contemporary raciology examines the problems of the classification of races, their origin, their settlement patterns, and their development and interaction, in connection with the specific history of human populations. Raciology attaches particular importance to research directed at defining racial traits and determining their inheritance and their relationship to the natural geographic and sociocultural environment, to sexual differences, to the dynamics of aging, to geographic variations, and to historical changes. The most important racial traits are hair form (curly or straight); degree of development of tertiary hair cover; color of skin, hair, and eyes (iris); and the absolute dimensions and numerous distinctive structural features of the facial skeleton and the soft parts of the face—the eye area, the nose, and the lips. Smaller racial subdivisions (local races) are distinguished by various dimensions of the cranium and their percentage relationship (indexes), as well as by average body height.

In raciology the analysis of the variability of different odon-tological, dermatoglyphic, serologic, and other traits with a relatively well-defined genetic basis continues to increase in importance. Raciology is closely related to cultural anthropology, which, in studying the racial composition of the world population, uses anthropological data as a historical source and is in turn supported by the data of the social sciences (archaeology, ethnology, and linguistics, for example). The results of research in raciology show the common origin of biological equality of all races, thus disproving the misanthropic conceptions of racism.

N. N. CHEBOKSAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
In this passage, Reizenstein makes use of scientific racism, or raciology, to divulge Lucy's true race to his readers.
The pseudoscience of medicine collided with the pseudoscience of raciology as both relied on visible markers of color to determine underlying ontologies of bodies.
From the early nineteenth century, such terms registered the growing complicity of the spatial science of geography with a nascent science of race or raciology (Blanckaert 2004).
GEOGRAPHY AND RACIOLOGY IN FRANCE: AN ALLIANCE CONSUMMATED
The Interrupted Journey, poised at the cusp of the technological revolution in which Gilroy will later see so much promise, expresses deep-seated anxieties about a technologically mediated raciology.
The Interrupted Journey speaks from a transition point between epidermalization and nanopolitics but at the same time emphatically serves as a reminder that what is, in Gilroy's periodization, the outmoded, irrelevant raciology of skulls and lead shot is a persistent and still-powerful epistemology.
He describes, for example, how Jane Austin approached the issues of empire, including slavery, how the French Revolution and its tenets affected Mary Wollstonecraft and British raciology, how the questions of nature, and how religion and science of the period informed rationality and religion, creating a racially-imbued "other.
The three texts I have examined in this essay point forwards out of their own time toward the intensification of a relationship between Irish modernity and raciology in the present, and in this respect they warrant our critical attention for the prescience with which they envisage the attendant complexities of cosmopolitanism.
Gilroy's specific focus on the positioning of "new world" blacks in the West strongly implicates modernity in the perverse nurturing of what he calls discourses of raciology.
However, a timely opportunity to dwell intro-spectively on this country's well-known experiences with raciology was missed.
The sensationalist labels and facetious raciology, on the other hand, were very soon replaced by unprecedented commitment and seriousness of purpose.
This study makes a case for the rebirth of a pan-African sensibility that takes all of Africa and the African diaspora into account in the contemporary context, wherein racial essentialism was deconstructed as a code of ethics and cognitions: raciology is defunct logic.