Raimondo Montecuccoli


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Montecuccoli, Raimondo

 

Born Feb. 21, 1609, in the castle of Montecuccoli, near Modena; died Oct. 16, 1680, in Linz. Count, granted title as a prince of the empire and duke of Melfi in 1679; an Austrian field marshal from 1658. Military theorist.

Montecuccoli entered the Austrian service in 1625 and participated in the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48). During the war waged by Denmark, Brandenburg, and Austria against Sweden in 1657–58, he commanded Austrian forces and inflicted several defeats on the Swedish troops, expelling them from Poland, Jutland, and Pomerania. In 1664, as commander of a combined Austrian-French-Hungarian army, he was victorious over Turkish troops in Western Hungary. Between 1672 and 1676, Montecuccoli successfully operated on the Rhine against a French army under Turenne and the Great Condé.

In The Military Art, Montecuccoli systematically stated the tenets of military theory prevalent in his time and argued the necessity of a well trained standing army. He advocated the tactic of imposing battle on the enemy in addition to maneuvering to disrupt enemy communications. He attached great importance to the combat role of artillery.

WORKS

Zapiski Hi glavnye pravila voennoi nauki. Moscow, 1760. (Translated from French.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Among others, military tactician Raimondo Montecuccoli, writing of his battlefield experiences in the 1660s, would make note of the impracticality and lack of maneuverability of such large Turkish cannons.
We know from a later chapter that Antonio's first military mentor was the Raimondo Montecuccoli whose technical studies of Turkish artillery 1 have already mentioned (Caraphaei I, IV).
The Italian-born Austrian field marshal Raimondo Montecuccoli (1609-1680) was one of the most influential practitioners and theorists in the late [17.
Barker, The Military Intellectual and Battle: Raimondo Montecuccoli and the Thirty Years' War (New York: State University of New York Press, 1975), 5.
La precettistica, come vorrebbe provare anche Raimondo Montecuccoli, autore degli Aforismi dell'arte bellica (1670), si presenta quindi come una scienza rigorosamente deduttiva, mentre la storia, in cui si comprende "tutta la vita del mondo" (257), offre allo studioso, insieme al diletto, una sorta di scorciatoia dell'esperienza: "ivi a spese d'altri l'uomo impara quel che conviene a se, ivi si veggono i naufragi senza orrore" (da una cit.