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Rambouillet,town (1990 pop. 25,293), Yvelines dept., N France. It is a summer resort in the heart of a magnificent forest. Sheep are raised, and radio equipment and plastics are made. The nearby château (14th–18th cent.), set in a beautiful park, is the official summer residence of French presidents, and the vast forest is used for official hunting parties. A national farm there was established by Louis XVI.
a city in France, in the Yvelines Department; located southwest of Paris. Population, 14,500 (1968). Rambouillet is the site of a chateau (1375; rebuilt in the 16th-19th centuries) that has served as the summer residence of the presidents of France since the late 19th century. A nearby forest is an official hunting ground. Rambouillet has a national livestock-breeding farm.
a group of dual-purpose fine-wooled sheep breeds. The first breed of Rambouillet was developed in the mid-19th century in Rambouillet, France, by crossing various types of Merinos imported from Spain. Rambouillet sheep are larger, have a better conformation, mature earlier, and have thicker and longer wool than the parent breeds. The rams weigh 80 to 90 kg, and the ewes 50 to 60 kg. The wool is of 64th to 70th quality and has a length of 6 to 7 cm. The rams yield a clip weighing 8 to 10 kg, and the ewes 5 to 7 kg. Rambouillet sheep have been exported to Austria, Australia, the United States, and South America. They were imported from the United States into the USSR, where they were used to develop the following breeds: Ascaniia, Altai, Caucasian fine-wooled, Stavropol’and Sal’sk.