Ramses III

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Ramses III


Rameses III,


Ramesses III

(both: răm`əsēz'), d. 1167 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, 2d ruler of the XX dynasty. He ended the period of anarchy that followed MerneptahMerneptah
, d. c.1215 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses II. He succeeded (1224 B.C.) to the throne when he was already advanced in years. He quelled a revolt in Syria and repulsed a Libyan invasion of the western delta of the Nile.
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 rule and reigned c.1198–1167 B.C. The last important king of the XX dynasty, he fought off the attempted invasions of the Libyans and the threat of the Sea PeoplesSea Peoples,
modern term for any of the groups of people who attacked Egypt and the E Mediterranean by sea and sometimes by land c.1200 B.C. They are recorded as having fought in battles with Egypt during the dynasties of Ramses II, when some also served as mercenaries in his
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 who were camping in Syria waiting to invade Egypt. Although he was able to maintain an Asian empire in Palestine, he was the last Egyptian king to hold territory in this region. The accumulation of slaves and riches in the temples and the tremendous wealth of the nobility weakened the Egyptian social structure so that it could not recover. The last year of Ramses III was darkened by the conspiracy of his wife TiyTiy,
fl. 1167 B.C., queen of ancient Egypt, wife of Ramses III. To gain the throne for her son, Pentewere, she led a palace conspiracy to displace her aging husband. At the last minute the plot was discovered, and 32 important courtiers were executed for complicity.
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. The XX dynasty continued to be ruled by kings with the name Ramses, but little of significance occurred during their reigns. The dynasty ended with Ramses XI in 1090 B.C.

Ramses III

, Rameses III
died ?1167 bc, king of ancient Egypt (?1198--?67). His reign was marked by wars in Libya and Syria
References in periodicals archive ?
In a separate chapter, he ponders whether the north wars of Ramesses III were ancestral emulation or historical reality.
According to Egyptian researchers, CT scans of the mummy of Ramesses III show the pharaoh died a violent death, suggesting he was murdered by several assailants.
Ramesses III is believed to have reigned from 1186 to 1155 BC.
Researchers at the Eurac-Institute for Mummies and the Iceman say Ramesses III was murdered with a slash to the throat.
What Tyson-Smith fails to say is that KV 11, the tomb of Ramesses III shows the Egyptians and the Nubians with identical complexions and phenotypes, i.
There are court cases, too--the conspiracy in the harem against Ramesses III, a lawsuit about a Syrian slave, a slandered bride, and a trial for adultery.
Although the Khonsu temple was built and decorated by Ramesses III and his dynastic successors, the time span of the great majority of the roof-terrace graffiti is that of the Twenty-second and Twenty-third Libyan Dynasties with some later inscriptions dating down to the Thirtieth Dynasty, broadly speaking c.
ODM 886, recording the execution of the chancellor Bay ordered by Pharaoh in year 5 of King Siptah, and ODM 890, which records further events during the famous strikes in year 29 of Ramesses III.
For some reigns, further tables provide additional evidence for the chronological ordering of texts: for the reign of Siptah a table illustrates the chronology of the texts on the basis of personal names mentioned; for the reigns of Ramesses III, IV, and V a table examines the order of the texts from the evidence of the lists of workmen on duty.
Moreover, many illustrations are taken from very old publications (1: 129, Narmer palette; 1: 138, Ti; 2: 78, Ramesses III harem scene; 2: 189, giant, crude reproduction of Isis knot; 3: 60, Rosellini Beni Hasan drawing; 3: 130, Turin Ramesses II statue; 3: 510, Nofret statue).
In figure 42, the temple of Medinet Habu is identified as that of Ramesses II, not Ramesses III, as it should be.