Ramses II


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Ramses II

(răm`sēz),

Rameses II,

or

Ramesses II

(both: răm`əsēz'), d. 1225 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty. The son of Seti ISeti I
, d. 1290 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses I. He succeeded to the throne c.1302 B.C. Invading Palestine and Syria, Seti I reduced them again to tributary status, and defeated the Libyans.
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, Ramses was not the heir to the throne but usurped it from his brother. He reigned for 67 years (1292–1225 B.C.). Under him Egypt acquired unprecedented splendor. His empire extended from S Syria to near the Fourth Cataract of the NileNile,
longest river in the world, c.4,160 mi (6,695 km) long from its remotest headstream, the Luvironza River in Burundi, central Africa, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea, NE Egypt. The Nile flows northward and drains c.
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. The most notable incident of his reign was the battle near Kadesh on the Orontes, where the Egyptians were ambushed by the Hittites. Ramses, claiming to have saved his forces single-handed, had vast texts written about his personal valor. War continued with the Hittites for about 15 years until Ramses concluded a treaty of friendship (1280) with the Hittite king and married (1267) a Hittite princess.

Ramses left monuments throughout Egypt. The principal ones are probably the temple at Karnak, which he completed; the Rameseum, his mortuary temple, at Thebes; the temple at Luxor; and the great rock temple at Abu Simbel with four seated figures of the king on the facade. The period of his rule was characterized by great luxury, increased slavery, and the growth of a mercenary army, all of which led to the final decline of Egypt. He was probably the pharaoh of the exile mentioned in the Old Testament. MerneptahMerneptah
, d. c.1215 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses II. He succeeded (1224 B.C.) to the throne when he was already advanced in years. He quelled a revolt in Syria and repulsed a Libyan invasion of the western delta of the Nile.
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 succeeded him.

Ramses II

, Rameses II
died ?1225 bc, king of ancient Egypt (?1292--?25). His reign was marked by war with the Hittites and the construction of many colossal monuments, esp the rock temple at Abu Simbel
References in periodicals archive ?
GOT THE HUMP: Jon (top) and camel cross the desert; CRUISE CONTROL: A felucca eases down the Nile; TEMPLE GUARD: Ramses II looks across Lake Nasser; AIR TODAY: Balloon ride over the west bank; BIRD WITH PREY: Jon at Edfu
1) subject: Maintenance and granting of rights of use for the platform evolution RAMSES II additional benefits associated with (2) forms: framework agreement within the meaning of Directive 2044/18 of 31/03/2004 of the European Parliament and the Council and market orders divided into mono-beneficiaries within the meaning of Article 77 of the Public Procurement Code (3) Duration: 1 year from the date of notification, renewable three times without the total duration can execder 4 years.
Antiquities chief Zahi Hawass said the statue was the "largest of Ramses II" ever found in Egypt, and his team said the statue was part of a temple complex dedicated to Ramses II.
The mummy of Ramses II, who reigned from 1279 to 1213 BC, was in Paris in 1976, for tests on decay.
Legend has it that half way through the unwrapping of Ramses II, the Egyptologists left the room for a lunchbreak.
According to many scholars, this great temple was created to celebrate the victory of Ramses II over the Hittites at the Battle of Qadesh in 1274 BC.
Mourning the death of 16 policemen who died at the Western Desert terrorist incident on Friday, Egypt cancelled celebrating the annual phenomenon of the sun illuminating at the statue of King Ramses II at Abu Simbel in Aswan governorate, which was supposed to take place this week.
According to the report, the Egyptian authorities requested legal assistance from Cyprus in March in connection with an "invaluable ancient Egyptian pot of the 13th century BC, depicting Ramses II of the 19th dynasty of Egypt".
Il fut modifie par la suite par Ramses II, qui y ajouta notamment six statues monumentales et deux obelisques, dont l'un, offert a la France en 1831, orne depuis la place de la Concorde a Paris.
Invariably, the biggest and most imposing monuments will be in honour of Ramses II.
This culminated in the showdown at Qids between Great King Muwattalli II and the young Pharaoh Ramses II.
5, believed to be the burial site of more than 50 sons of Ramses II.