the remains of a multilevel settlement of sedentary agricultural tribes that lived from the fourth to second millennia B.C. near Loralai, Pakistan. The lowest complex, Rana Ghundai I, contained hand-modeled pottery and the bones of domesticated animals. Rana Ghundai II yielded ceramic pottery similar in shape to vessels found in the Iranian Hissar complex. During the period of Rana Ghundai III, the culture of the local agricultural communities reached its zenith; these communities were contemporaries of the Harappa civilization. Rana Ghundai IV and V revealed a certain decline in the culture, the reasons for which are still unclear.
REFERENCESMasson, V. M. Sredniaia Aziia i Drevnii Vostok. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Ross, E. Y. “A Chalcolithic Site in Northern Baluchistan.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 1946, vol. 5, no. 4.
Fairservis, W. A. The Roots of Ancient India. New York, 1971.