Ayn Rand

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Rand, Ayn

(īn), 1905–82, American writer, b. St. Petersburg, Russia, as Alissa Rosenbaum. She came to the United States in 1926, became a citizen five years later, and worked for many years as a Hollywood screenwriter. Her novels are romantic, dramatic, and often didactic, espousing a philosophy built on a muscular capitalism, aggressive individualism, and a rational self-interest that opposes the collective nature of the modern welfare state and totalitarian societies. These principles are rather woodenly embodied in the plots, heroes, and villains of her major novels, The Fountainhead (1943) and Atlas Shrugged (1957). In For the New Intellectual (1961) she summarized her philosophy, which she called "objectivism"; it posits a concrete external reality, idea-driven emotions, and self-interest as ethical ideal. Her works have had a notable influence on many of America's political and economic conservatives.

Bibliography

See the memoir by N. Branden (1989); biographies by B. Branden (1987), J. Burns (2009), and A. C. Heller (2009); study by J. T. Baker (1987); her letters, ed. by M. S. Berliner (1995), and her journals, ed. by D. Harriman (1997).

Rand, Ayn

(1905–82) writer, philosopher; born in St. Petersburg, Russia. As an adolescent during the Bolshevik Revolution, she saw people stripped of property and massacred. After graduating from the University of Leningrad (1926), she fled to the U.S.A., which she considered the "country of the individual," becoming a citizen in 1931. Starting as a screenwriter and dramatist, she eventually won fame for her novels, such as The Fountainhead (1943)—also made into a film she scripted—and Atlas Shrugged (1957), the bible of her "objectivism." This philosophy, promoted in books such as The Virtue of Selfishness (1957) and through an institute set up by her disciple Nathaniel Brandon, glorified self-assertion and competition.
References in periodicals archive ?
To Rand herself, such treatment might have seemed more insulting than outright dismissal, and many orthodox Randians will no doubt take the same attitude.
In contrast, the Randian perspective would be that rules and traditions can only be judged based on objective evaluation through the use of reason.
Again with the needless and unhelpful Randian categories.
While the debate between a Nozickian and a Randian is important, it is not as vital as settling the moral foundation versus monetary utility divide.
Independence, USA would be a 'city-theme park hybrid,' which is seemingly part Randian and part Walt Disney's Disneyland.
His "secret" economic plan that includes a $5 trillion tax cut for the wealthiest builds upon the crackpot, Ayn Randian theories of his running mate, Rep.
To read the full feature, see the New York magazine story, "The Randian and the Bailout"
Certainly, there is a cross-section of Americans who buy into Romney's Ayn Randian views.
While people of goodwill may respectfully argue whether converting Medicare to a voucher system is more Randian or Thomist and whether a lower tax on capital gains is an exercise in subsidiarity or not, two things are undeniable about the Ryan-Romney plan: Its overall aim is to dramatically cut government spending and reshape the tax code.
But it's not just the profiteering: privatization also produces dumbness through a mad Ayn Randian anything-goes mentality.
He immersed himself splendidly in the details of industries and firms, from which he found substantial guidance about the economy as a whole, and joined this with a strong ideological propensity, first as a devotee of the libertarian philosopher Ayn Rand and then, even though he shed some of his Randian fervor, as a "lifelong libertarian Republican" who embraced "unfettered market competition.
83) Voir Matthew Lewans, Roncarelli's Green Card: The Role of Citizenship in Randian Constitutionalism >> (2010) 55 R.