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a basic category of ancient Indian poetics. In a broad sense it denotes aesthetic enjoyment and perception. The treatise Natyasastra (approximately second to fourth centuries) formulated the ways to achieve aesthetic enjoyment during a theatrical performance. The Natyasastra defines erotic, comic, angry, heroic, and sorrowful rasa, as well as rasa of fear, revulsion, and wonder.

In his treatise Abhinavabharati the philosopher Abhinava-gupta (tenth to 11th centuries) formulated a doctrine that correlated rasa with the basic emotional complexes in the subconscious mind. These complexes generally manifest themselves as simple feelings, such as love, anger, or grief, but under the influence of an aesthetic object, which is incapable of evoking egoistic desires and emotions, the complexes are transformed into rasa and provide only enjoyment. According to Abhina-vagupta, a prerequisite of rasa is the involuntary identification of the aesthetic subject (the reader or viewer) with such aesthetic objects as the protagonists of a narrative poem or drama. The aesthetic object is then perceived independently of specific individuals and events. The chief means of arousing rasa is considered to be dhvani, and the concept of dhvani-rasa became a cardinal doctrine of medieval Indian poetics.


Istoriia estetiki: Pamiatniki mirovoi esteticheskoi mysli, vol. 1. Moscow, 1962.
Grintser, P. A. “Teoriia esteticheskogo vospriiatiia (“rasa”) v drevnein-diiskoi poetike.” Voprosy literatury, 1966, no. 2.
Anandavardkhana: Dkhvan’ialoka (“Svet dkhvani”). Translation from Sanskrit, introduction, and commentary by lu. A. Alikhanova. Moscow, 1974.
Gnoli, R. The Aesthetic Experience According to Abhinavagupta. Rome, 1956.


References in periodicals archive ?
Raso, whose ability to escape was blocked by cars on both sides of the aisle, began to back up.
Like the housing authority's action in Otero, the Raso defendants' curtailment of preference was a limited, "one-time measure" that would end as soon as it was implemented.
1) Apie eksponavimo konteksta taip pat raso ir dernie, kuris teigia, kad parodos "skaitymas" priklauso nuo konteksto ir prezentacijos.
Toda ella tenia la apariencia de las diosas que ostenta Venecia en la techumbre del cielo raso de alguno de sus salones y que parece que el pintor, no atreviendose a despo-jarlas de su morada de nubes, las pinto suspendidas en aquellos sitios para que la tierra no las profanara con su contacto.
We tried a 1999 bottle of Mionetto Emmeo raso scuro ($28), a blend of cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc and a local trentino variety called teroldego.
Pur, per esser l'hora tarda, lo faro metter su al meglio si potra con el raso cremesino nel loco dove manchano li doi triomphi.
PHOTO : Frozen Food Association of Canada; Angelo Raso, Campbell Soup Co.
The event, organized by Bal Seal to kick off construction at 1350 Belpratt View in Colorado Springs, also featured speeches from El Paso County Commissioner Amy Lathen, Chamber of Commerce and Economic Development Council President and CEO Joe Raso and other local business leaders.
Maciulis raso, kad kompozicijos pagrindinio elemento pateikimu simetrijos asyje pabreziamas jo reiksmingumas (Maciulis 1997: 126).
Director of Tactical Connections, which run the gifting suite, Katherine Raso said the stars had had a lot of fun with the brands this year.
A REAL steal I've found is the chunky, juicy Raso de la Cruz tempranillo cabernet down from pounds 6.