Raoul Wallenberg

(redirected from Raul Wallenberg)
Raoul Wallenberg
Birthday
BirthplaceLidingö Municipality, Sweden
Died
NationalitySwedish
Occupation
Diplomat

Wallenberg, Raoul

(räo͞ol` văl`ĕnbâr) 1912–47, Swedish diplomat and businessman. In 1944, he was assigned to Sweden's legation in Budapest, where he helped save approximately 100,000 Hungarian Jews from Nazi extermination in an effort secretly supported by the U.S. War Refugee Board. He issued Swedish passports to approximately 20,000 Jews and sheltered others in houses he bought or rented. Adolf EichmannEichmann, Adolf
, 1906–62, German National Socialist official. A member of the Austrian Nazi party, he headed the Austrian office for Jewish emigration (1938). His zeal in deporting Jews brought him promotion (1939) to chief of the Gestapo's Jewish section.
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, heading the transport of Jews to concentration camps, demanded that Wallenberg stop these activities and ordered his assassination, but the attempt failed. In 1945, the Soviets, who had just entered Budapest, imprisoned him, possibly because of secret work he was doing for U.S. Office of Strategic ServicesOffice of Strategic Services
(OSS), U.S. agency created (1942) during World War II under the jurisdiction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the purpose of obtaining information about enemy nations and of sabotaging their war potential and morale. Headed by William J.
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. In 1957 the Soviet government announced that he had died in prison of a heart attack in 1947, but he was reported seen at later dates. In 1991 Soviet authorities released KGB records that, although they did not contain proof that Wallenberg was dead, appeared to confirm that he had died in 1947, most likely by execution. His execution was corroborated by the diaries of the original head of the KGB, Ivan A. Serov, which were published in a condensed version in 2016. He was made an honorary U.S. citizen in 1981.

Bibliography

See J. Bierman, Righteous Gentile (1981), K. Marton, Wallenberg: Missing Hero (1982, repr. 1995).

References in periodicals archive ?
Santiago Cantn of Argentina, Secretary of Human Rights of the Province of Buenos Aires, and previously Executive Secretary of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights; and Professor Irwin Cotler of Canada, President of the Center for Human Rights Raul Wallenberg, and previously Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada.
The speaker I quote above, Gunther Jikeli, is a Christian antisemitism researcher at the Kantor Center at Tel Aviv University and was awarded the Raul Wallenberg Prize.
But at a time when Oskar Schindler and Raul Wallenberg are familiar names, Fry has been largely forgotten.
The book was about Raul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who rescued thousands of Hungarian Jewish lives during the Second World War.
One most interesting narrative describes the experiences of a nine-year-old boy about to be executed in Budapest along with five hundred other children but saved at the last minute, thanks to the courage and fortitude of Raul Wallenberg.
Any people who had to look to helpers as relatively powerless as Chiune Sugihara, Oskar Schindler, and Raul Wallenberg was, by any definition, in desperate straits.
Schrier had just completed another memorial to Raul Wallenberg for the Simon Wiesenthal Center in which he had planned to make a massive pair of wings out of thousands of copies of the gold phony or illegal passports Wallenberg had used to save thousands of Jews in Budapest.