Edwin Ray Lankester

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Lankester, Edwin Ray

 

Born May 15, 1847, in London; died there Aug. 15, 1929. English zoologist and embryologist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1875).

Lankester became a professor at University College in London in 1874 and at Oxford University in 1890. He was director of the natural history department of the British Museum from 1898 to 1907. His principal works were on extinct fishes and the anatomy and embryology of annelids, mollusks, and arthropods. Lankester’s works on invertebrate taxonomy are especially well known. He divided (1877) phylum Helminthes into three distinct phyla (Platyhelminthes, Nemathelminthes, and Annelida). He proposed a system of the animal world in which the sponges are treated as an independent group.

WORKS

“Notes on the Embryology and Classification of the Animal Kingdom.” Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 1877, vol. 17, pp. 359–454.
A Treatise on Zoology, parts 1–9. London, 1900–09. (Jointly with others.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In Degeneration: A Chapter in Darwinism (1880), the zoologist Ray Lankester emphasized the importance of degeneration in natural selection and even speculated on the decline of European civilization.
Esta obra fue redactada con el consejo y la ayuda editorial de Sir Ernest Baker (1874-1960), Sir Harry Hamilton Jhonston (1858-1927), Sir Edwin Ray Lankester (1847-1929), y el profesor Gilbert Murray (1866-1957).
In an essay for Nature, Edwin Ray Lankester could go so far as to claim that the "physiologist suffers with his experimental animal, and the mutual suffering of both vivisector and vivisected becomes a sacrifice offered up on the altar of Science.
Supporters of vivisection like Edwin Ray Lankester would have advocated fewer rather than more restrictions: "If you allow experiments at ali, you must admit the more the better, since it is very certain that for many years to come the problems of physiology demanding experimental solution will increase in something like geometrical ratio, instead of decreasing.
Bien es verdad que en aquella misma ocasion hubo expertos, como Edwin Ray Lankester, que disintieron de un calculo tan optimista.
Ray Lankester who had influence even after he was forced to retire as director of the Natural History Museum.
Ray Lankester suggests to me someone standing at the precise boundary line between the cosmic confidence of the old view and the worried contingency of the new.
Ray Lankester, Oswald Spengler, and others, have, in their sub-Nietzschean way, sectarian functions within the European societies they describe that may be integral to but are nevertheless distinct from their colonial and imperialist purposes.