Raymond Aron


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Aron, Raymond

 

Born Mar. 14, 1905, in Paris. French sociologist, ideologist for the right wing of the liberal bourgeoisie. Participant in the resistance movement. Political editor and reviewer for the newspaper Figaro since 1947. Director of the department of sociology at the Sorbonne since 1956. Member of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques since 1963.

In his works on philosophy, history, and sociology, Aron has preached extreme historical relativism and presentism; in later works these trends have been combined, in a somewhat milder form, with comparative-historical analysis and economic determinism. He is one of the founders of the theory of a so-called single industrial society. He believes that a single technological and economic base does not exclude serious differences in the social and political structures of countries. In a number of works he has sought to provide a theoretical justification for anticommunism; he has attempted to prove the obsolescence of Marxism under the present conditions and to deny the liberating role of the working class. He is an advocate of a strengthened North Atlantic alliance. In recent years he has favored peaceful coexistence between the two social systems.

WORKS

Introduction a la philosophie de I’histoire, new ed. [Paris, 1967.]
L’opium des intellectuels. [Paris,] 1968.
Dimensions de la conscience historique. Paris, [1961].
Dix-huit teçons sur la société industrielle. Paris, 1962.
La lutte des classes. Paris, 1964.
Essai sur les libertés. Paris, 1966.
Trois essais sur l’âge industriel. Paris, 1966.
Les étapes de la pensée sociologique. Paris, 1967.
Les désillusions du progrés. Paris, 1969.

E. A. ARAB-OGLY

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When hundreds of thousands of refugees fled Vietnam in the late 1970s, France's preeminent intellectuals " led by Jean-Paul Sartre and Raymond Aron, who had been feuding for decades " teamed up and pleaded with the French president to help.
I never claim that the great French liberal Raymond Aron had any influence on Solzhenitsyn.
Even so, much has depended on the work of preeminent individuals, notably Werner Hahlweg and Raymond Aron who receive due attention from Claus von Rosen and Uwe Hartmann, and from Herve Coutau-Begarie respectively.
Consequently, we will devote the bulk of our analysis to Raymond Aron.
Indeed, George Kennan, Walter Lippmann, James Burnham, and Raymond Aron were among those who viewed the Cold War through Mackinderesque lenses.
Il aimait citer Max Weber, Karl Max, Schumpeter, Parsons Talcott, Thorstein Veblen, Leon Blum, Auguste Comte, Claude Levi-Strauss, Jacques Berque, Raymond Aron, Max Horkheimer, Georg Simmel ou Alfred SchE-tz.
Of course, in the 1950s few people on the Left thought Camus' words were obvious -- with the noble exceptions of thinkers like Leon Blum, Raymond Aron and Simone Weil, the French Left believed in the "singing tomorrows" promised by Communism.
As Raymond Aron persuasively argued during America's Cold War trials with irregular warfare, the balance of power for a given conflict also depends on skill, geography, and domestic comity--in other words, the kinds of variables Lieber eschews as so much unscientific hand waving.
A Politics of Understanding: The International Thought of Raymond Aron.
Specifically, he examines the encounters between: Arendt and David Riesman over the limits of totalitarianism, Arendt and Raymond Aron over his idea that totalitarianism could be explained as an amplification of revolutionary ideology and violence, and Arendt and Jules Monnerot about the nature of "political religion.
But the situation is even worse in regards to the EU since in the eyes of the public and in the words of Raymond Aron, the pluralism of social groups directly interferes with bureaucratic absolutism.