Raymond Aron


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Aron, Raymond

 

Born Mar. 14, 1905, in Paris. French sociologist, ideologist for the right wing of the liberal bourgeoisie. Participant in the resistance movement. Political editor and reviewer for the newspaper Figaro since 1947. Director of the department of sociology at the Sorbonne since 1956. Member of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques since 1963.

In his works on philosophy, history, and sociology, Aron has preached extreme historical relativism and presentism; in later works these trends have been combined, in a somewhat milder form, with comparative-historical analysis and economic determinism. He is one of the founders of the theory of a so-called single industrial society. He believes that a single technological and economic base does not exclude serious differences in the social and political structures of countries. In a number of works he has sought to provide a theoretical justification for anticommunism; he has attempted to prove the obsolescence of Marxism under the present conditions and to deny the liberating role of the working class. He is an advocate of a strengthened North Atlantic alliance. In recent years he has favored peaceful coexistence between the two social systems.

WORKS

Introduction a la philosophie de I’histoire, new ed. [Paris, 1967.]
L’opium des intellectuels. [Paris,] 1968.
Dimensions de la conscience historique. Paris, [1961].
Dix-huit teçons sur la société industrielle. Paris, 1962.
La lutte des classes. Paris, 1964.
Essai sur les libertés. Paris, 1966.
Trois essais sur l’âge industriel. Paris, 1966.
Les étapes de la pensée sociologique. Paris, 1967.
Les désillusions du progrés. Paris, 1969.

E. A. ARAB-OGLY

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The Once and Future Liberalreminded me of Raymond Aron, a hero of my own latest book, Faces of Moderation.
Raymond Aron (nacido en 1905), en cambio, persistio hasta el final de esa fecunda existencia que termino a mediados de octubre de 1983, en el Palacio de Justicia de Paris, donde habia ido a defender a su amigo Bertrand de Jouvenel en un juicio de difamacion, opinando siempre con el mismo tino y la buena crianza de su juventud, salvo, tal vez, durante la revolucion estudiantil de mayo de 1968, el unico acontecimiento que lo exaspero hasta sacarlo de sus casillas.
Su escritura es, en mi opinion, ideografica, como lo es la Max Weber y Raymond Aron.
They were among the first to reach London, from Raymond Aron to Andre Weill-Curiel and including Rene Cassin.
Cabe encontrarla fragmentariamente en multiples textos de Freud, Fromm y, de manera indirecta, en Max Weber y Raymond Aron.
After Toulouse, Manent enrolled at Ecole Normal Superieure in Paris, where he sought out Raymond Aron on the advice of Louis Jugnet.
When hundreds of thousands of refugees fled Vietnam in the late 1970s, France's preeminent intellectuals " led by Jean-Paul Sartre and Raymond Aron, who had been feuding for decades " teamed up and pleaded with the French president to help.
He had met up with his friend Raymond Aron who had just returned from studying in Berlin with Husserl.
A lo largo de su obra, reivindica la influencia de sociologos como max weber y Georg simmel, asi como del joven Raymond Aron y su filosofia critica de la historia.
Sin embargo, su postura respecto a los eventos de 1968 fue contundente en el sentido de que condenaba el recurso a la violencia: la carta abierta publicada en los diarios franceses firmada junto a Jean-Pierre Vernant y Raymond Aron, lo deja en claro.
I never claim that the great French liberal Raymond Aron had any influence on Solzhenitsyn.
Even so, much has depended on the work of preeminent individuals, notably Werner Hahlweg and Raymond Aron who receive due attention from Claus von Rosen and Uwe Hartmann, and from Herve Coutau-Begarie respectively.