Raymond VI

Raymond VI,

1156–1222, count of Toulouse (c.1194–1222). His tolerant attitude toward the AlbigensesAlbigenses
[Lat.,=people of Albi, one of their centers], religious sect of S France in the Middle Ages. Beliefs and Practices

Officially known as heretics, they were actually Cathari, Provençal adherents of a doctrine similar to the Manichaean dualistic
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 resulted in his repeated excommunication, although he temporarily made peace with the church in 1209. Attacked (1211) by Simon de MontfortMontfort, Simon de
, c.1160–1218, count of Montfort and earl of Leicester. A participant in the Fourth Crusade (1202–4), he did not join in the sack of Constantinople, but instead proceeded to Syria. He later led the crusade against the Albigenses.
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, he received the support of his brother-in-law Peter II of Aragón. In 1213 he and Peter were defeated at Muret, and Raymond went into exile in England. Although obliged to grant Toulouse and Montauban to Montfort and Provence to his own son, Raymond VI returned (1217) and fought with his son against Montfort and Montfort's son. By the time of his death, Raymond had recaptured almost all of his territory for his son.
References in periodicals archive ?
Le Jardin Raymond VI, allees Charles-de-Fitte a Toulouse, accueillera les 28, 29 et 30 juin courant, la 5 e edition du Festival culturel marocain de Toulouse.
For the reader, more than 200 years pass as popes and emperors die, and Raymond V of Toulouse gives way to Raymond VI and Raymond VII.
When Raymond VI of Toulouse is slow to pursue local heretics, the pope's legate has him stripped to the waist, flogged and dragged on his knees to the church altar and forced to swear support for the crusade.
Usher and Foster have two children together - Usher Raymond VI, four, and Naviyd Ely Raymond, three.
Count Raymond VI took as his fourth wife Jeanne, the daughter of King Henry II of England and his troublesome wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine, who had already been divorced by King Louis VII of France and would later be imprisoned and divorced by King Henry himself.