Raynaud's Disease

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Raynaud's disease

[rā′nōz di‚zēz]
(medicine)
A usually bilateral disease of blood vessels, especially of the extremities; excited by cold or emotion, characterized by intermittent pallor, cyanosis, and redness, and generally accompanied by pain.

Raynaud’s Disease

 

(named for the French physician A. D. M. Raynaud, who described the disease in 1862), also Raynaud’s gangrene, a disease of humans associated with injury to the autonomic nervous system; the symptoms are pain and trophic disorders, with most frequent localization on the fingers of both hands.

The causes of Raynaud’s disease, which is found most often in young women, have not been established. There are three stages. In the first stage, the fingers, when exposed to cold, experience a burning sensation, ache, and turn pale. The attack lasts from several minutes to several hours. In the second stage, the attacks last longer, and the fingers turn blue. The final stage is marked by the appearance of blood blisters, at whose site there develop foci of necrosis and deep ulcers. In severe cases gangrene sets in, and one or more fingers fall off.

Diagnosis is based on the results of capillaroscopy, rheogra-phy of the extremities, and oscillography. Measurement of the skin temperature and the use of contrast-medium methods of examining the arteries are also important in diagnosis. In addition to Raynaud’s disease, one also distinguishes Raynaud’s phenomenon, which may be the initial symptom of other diseases, including various collagen diseases.

Raynaud’s disease is treated with vagosympathetic novocain blocks, ganglion-blocking preparations, nicotinic acid, rauna-tin, tranquilizers, and B-complex vitamins. Physiotherapy, including inductothermy, may be prescribed. Hydrogen-sulfide, brine, and radon baths are often used to treat the disease, as are mud packs and massages.

REFERENCES

Bekhtereva, N. P., A. V. Bondarchuk, and V. V. Zontov. Bolezn’ Reino. Leningrad, 1965.
Mel’nitskaia, Z. S. Bolezn’ Reino i fizicheskie metody ee lecheniia. Moscow, 1965.

V. B. GEL’FAND

References in periodicals archive ?
Worryingly only 10% of people on average who had Raynaud's symptoms - which get worse in the winter - would visit a GP.
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This causes a Raynaud's attack where the fingers change colour typically white, blue, or red and they can be painfully numb, which I always thought was a contradiction of terms.
The symptoms of primary Raynaud's are usually mild and manageable.
Patients with Raynaud's phenomenon are classified into two groups: those with primary Raynaud's with no underlying disease or cause identified; and those with secondary Raynaud's phenomenon, which is diagnosed with an associated disease.
This causes a Raynaud's attack where the fingers sometimes, but not always, change colour from white, to blue, to red.
Raynaud's should be investigated by a specialist so ask for a referral.
None of the women had a history of Raynaud's disease.
Helping others is a big part of my life and fundraising activity for the charity I'm involved in, the Raynaud's & Scleroderma Association, where we raise funds which goes towards further research into this condition and hopefully, one day, a cure.
It's also very difficult bathing her - she frequently has a Raynaud's attack when we try and have a bath, so just simple normal tasks are a real challenge.